Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

System Guarantee for Social Equity in Today's China

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

System Guarantee for Social Equity in Today's China

Article excerpt

Abstract

Social equity is balanced and equal distribution of rights and interests. A sound system is the fundamental guarantee for social equity. Unfortunately, imperfection of the current system in China obstructed social equity in today's China such as income distribution system, dual urbanrural system, market economic system, citizen rights and interests, protection system and social security system. To eliminate these barriers, strengthen system building and guarantee social equity, equity and justice should be taken as the primary goal of value for system building; a guarantee mechanism for social equity system should be built focusing on fairness in rights, opportunities, rules and distribution; and a system to guarantee social equity should be built and perfected with multi-tiered systems including macro basic system, medium operation system and microcosmic concrete system.

Key words: Social equity; System; Guarantee

Social equity is not only the common desire and pursuit in human society, an important yardstick for measuring the progress of society, but also the political stand the Chinese Communist Party always adheres to. The Party's 6th plenary of 16th session stressed that system is the fundamental guarantee for social equity and justice and we must energize our efforts to build a system significant in safeguarding social equity and justice. The party's 17th national congress presented an important assertion that realization of social equity and justice is to develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. We should give top priority to strengthening system building, striving to solve issues on equity in reality and safeguard social equity.

1. GUARANTEE FUNCTIONS OF SYSTEM ON SOCIAL EQUITY

Social equity falls into the category of interest relationship, which is balanced and equal distribution of rights and interests among all members of a society in various aspects like politics, economy, etc. and includes people's subjective value judgment on such rights and interests whether it's reasonable or not. System is created and developed in production activities, which is a normative arrangement for relationships among people, reflecting an interest relationship among different people, groups and classes in essence. System has fundamental, overall, stable and long-term characteristics. System guides people's behavior effectively manages and controls the society and coordinates various relationships of social interests.

A sound system is the fundamental guarantee to social equity. Wu Zhongmin (2008) found the following: The society must have a system, more exactly, a sound system. If we lack necessary system and just stay in a state of random political direction, thus the society will inevitably face an uncertain future which will make people have unpredictable long-term goals to bring about various negative factors such as randomness, uncertainty and too much costs and risks, etc.. The modern society must be the one operates relying on standardized, reasonable and fair system (p.34). Under certain system framework, we will effectively guarantee realization of social equity. To be specific, guarantee functions of system on social equity are shown as following: first, the macro-level basic system provides a solid base on realization of social equity. In China, the socialist system concentrating on public ownership of the means of production, distribution according to work and the people's congress system ensures equity for social members of in occupation of means of production, distribution and political rights, which provides a solid base on realization of social equity. Second, the mediumlevel operation system guarantees operational mechanism of realizing social equity. A dynamic and efficient social operational mechanism is a necessary requirement for realization of social equity. Third, the microcosmic-level concrete system provides a path to realization of social equity. It is a practical way to realize social equity, which is directly related to its realization. …

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