The stage performance is an important part of artistic practice for vocal students. To perfectly express the music on stage is the dream of every vocal music performer. This essay is about analysis of the psychological factors to affect the vocal stage performance and to explore the reasons for stage fright and the methods to overcome this, to enable students to further enhance the level of their vocal music.
Key Words: Vocal music; Stage performance; Psychological factor
The vocal music art is a practical subject of high level, which not only requires solid basic singing skills of vocal learners, but also a good stage performance to finally express the vocal works perfectly. In the singing practice, we often find that the stage performance level of the students who have closely singing skills of matching level, are completely different due to the influences of psychological factors.
1. REASONS OF STAGE FRIGHT
Firstly, the singing skills are not solid. If the singer chooses to perform on the stage without solid singing skills, he will be nervous for lack of confidence in his performance. The more he worried, the more nervous he will be. Under this state, the coordination between singing organs will be worse and worse, and finally he is far from his real singing level. Some singers blindly choose the vocal works that they are incompetent of by knowing their limited singing skills. In this situation, it will lead to the stage fright of singers as well because of tension. That the singing skills are not solid is the most important technical factors to cause the stage fright.
Secondly, the preparation is not sufficient. The singer is not skilled enough of the performance songs. For example, some individual notes and some rhythms are not accurate; the lyrics cannot be recited fluently; the cooperation with the piano accompaniment is not good. If the singer performs in this situation, it will affect the confidence and result in the psychological tension. Especially in some urgent and temporary performances, the singers have to practice the songs well in a very short period including reciting the lyrics, memorizing the music notes and the solos and co-accompaniments. Obviously, it is difficult to achieve to be skillful in such a hasty time. This will not only lead to the psychological tension while singing, but also cause the serious mistakes sometimes and destroy the singer's normal singing psychology, which will haunt the singers in their future performance.
Thirdly, the thoughts burden is too much. Some singers, who take part in very important shows for some leaders or important persons, will be afraid of mistakes, which will bring them too much burden in spirit. Sometimes, if the audiences have high appreciation level like peers, vocal experts and professors, the sing must be more professional than that of facing the ordinary audiences. This can make the singers more nervous.
Fourthly, the singers are haunted by the failures. If the singers once failed the performance, it left the shade in heart of the singers. When they attend another performance, they will think ofthat failure and have more pressure and more tension. In particular, if one singer failed some work and when he is to perform the same work next time, it is more possible for the singer to occur the stage fright.
Fifthly, the performance experience is not enough. The debutant lacks the stage experiences. It is difficult for debutants to acclimate the changes of stage environment, the sound effects and the watching of audiences. Thus, it will bring about the stage fright.
In conclusion, the stage fright caused by various factors will lead to the thinking disorder and emotions out of control. Then the singers will have psychological tension which makes their confidence insufficient. What's worse, some may have psychological inertia of stage fright and the vicious circle will leave the singers with the regrets for life. …