Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

The Role of Life Satisfaction and Parenting Styles in Predicting Delinquent Behaviors among High School Students*

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

The Role of Life Satisfaction and Parenting Styles in Predicting Delinquent Behaviors among High School Students*

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the parenting styles and life satisfaction predict delinquent behaviors frequently or not. Firstly the data were collected from 471 girls and 410 boys, a total of 881 high school students. Then the research was carried out with 502 students showing low (n=262, 52.2%) and high level of delinquent behaviors (n=240, 47.8%). The data were collected by means of "Delinquency Scale", "The Parenting Style Inventory" and "Multidimensional Student' Life Satisfaction Scale". The data were analyzed using Logistic Regression statistical method. The results of Logistic Regression Analysis show that the variables of "strictness/ supervision" perceived from family and satisfaction perceived from "school", "family" and "self" have had meaningful contributions to indicating frequent delinquent behaviors. The results are discussed related to previous research, and study limitations and further research directions are also outlined.

Key Words

Delinquent Behaviors, Parenting Styles, Life Satisfaction, Adolescence.

Adolescence is the period during that biological (sexual maturation), psychological, cognitive and social changes are experienced (Yazgan-Inanç, Bilgin, & Kiliç-Atici, 2004) and in this period the adolescent should accommodate himself effectively to these changes (Tamar, 2005). Apart from many developmental changes, it is known that delinquent behaviors increase in this period (Aras, Günay, Özan, & Orçin, 2007; Bulut, 2010; Jessor, 1991; Siyez, 2007; Ögel, Tari, & Eke-Yilmazçetin, 2006).

Delinquent behaviors which are regarded as delinquency in this study can be defined as behaviors which threaten well-being of adolescent and prevent them to be grown as responsible individuals (Lindberg, Boggess, Porter, & Williams, 2000). Delinquent behaviors among humans can be listed as behaviors which cause unintentional injuries and violence; risky sexual behaviors which cause usage of alcohol and drugs, sexually transmitted diseases, anti-social behaviors such as unhealthy nutrition habits, physical immobility, skipping school or home, lying, theft, depression, suicide (Adams & Berzonsky, 2003; Haugaard, 2001; Peterson et al., 2003; Sprinthall & Collins, 1995).

The delinquent behaviors observed in the transition period from childhood to adolescence mediate to the acceptance of adolescent by his peers, gain his independence from parents, protest against traditional values and norms, deal with the expectation of failure, drawbacks and worries, personality development and maturation (Peterson et al., 2003). While evaluating these behaviors it is necessary to separate them as seldom behaviors and permanent-problem behaviors (Siegel & Scovill, 2000) and not to forget the fact that most of the time these problematic behaviors intertwine with each other (Jessor, 1998).

Relationship of the adolescent with the family is important determinants of delinquency. Adolescent's relationship with his parents is effective in accommodation to this period (Robin & Foster, 1989; Yavuzer, 2002; T. Yilmaz, 2000). Parent's being model for risk by behavior or accepting these behaviors (T. Yilmaz, 2000), inefficiency of supervision and direction of parents and inter-family problems increase adolescent's tendency to delinquent behavior (Peterson et al., 2003). It was stated in related literature that adolescent who feels himself close to his family has more confidence, independence, psychological circumstance and stability compared to other adolescents; alcohol and drug habits and tendency towards crime are observed less (Grotevant & Cooper, 1986; Hill & Holmbeck, 1986; Peterson, Bush, & Supple, 1999; Smollar & Younnis, 1989; Steinberg, 2007).

Another point that should be regarded while evaluating problem behaviors during adolescence is the life satisfaction of adolescent. Life satisfaction is one of the cognitive components of subjective well-being (Diener, 2000) which is the indicator of positive mental health and reflects evaluations of individual's life satisfaction in different fields (Myers & Deiner, 1995). …

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