Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Relationship between School Administrators' Organizational Power Sources and Teachers' Organizational Citizenship Behaviors

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Relationship between School Administrators' Organizational Power Sources and Teachers' Organizational Citizenship Behaviors

Article excerpt

Abstract

The main purpose of the research was to determine correlation between school administrators' organizational power sources and teachers' organizational citizenship behaviors in primary schools. The research was a correlational survey model study. 275 participants were randomly chosen for the research. The data were collected by "Administrators' Organizational Power Sources Scale" and "Organizational Citizenship Behavior Scale". For data analysis, descriptive statistics, and multiple regression analysis were used. According to the obtained data, the primary school teachers included in the study highly displayed organizational citizenship behaviors. The participants' views on organizational citizenship behaviors did not vary in terms of variables but their views on sources of power in organizations vary in terms of seniority and field of study. The primary school teachers thought school administrators fully used power sources at a high level. According to them, school administrators used legitimate power the most and the following respectively: expert power, coercive power, referent power and reward power the least. When administrators' power sources were collectively considered, there was a moderate positive correlation between the teachers' views about organizational citizenship behaviors and administrators' power sources. However, when the other variables were examined, there was no correlation between the power sources except for coercive power and organizational citizenship behaviors. When the other variables were examined, there was a moderate positive correlation between coercive power and organizational citizenship behaviors.

Key Words

Organizational Power Sources, Organizational Citizenship, Primary Schools.

The key to sustainable organizational efficiency and effectiveness is proper management, which depends on administrators' skills to influence their followers and guide them within the framework of organizational goals. The source of influence is administrators' power (Basaran, 2004). Administrators' power types in organizations are basic determining factors of organizational life. They are closely related to the way administrators perceive human relationships because power means influencing and stimulating another person or people, thus making them do what administrators want (Bursalioglu, 1997). Power in this process is an administrator's skill to urge his followers to the needed behaviors. Hence, power is a relational term. It does not make sense alone or when it is irrelevant to others (Özkalp & Kirel, 2003).

In the literature, there are numberless power definitions. In psychics, power is a functioning, visible, concrete term whose effect is measurable. However, in human relationships and organizations, power is an indirectly measurable term which could solely be understood with its effects. By simplest definition, power is the ability to guide others to the needed behaviors (Greenberg & Baron, 1993; Özkalp & Kirel, 2003; Pfeffer, 1992). Power is a capacity or potential. Power might exist but the owner may not use it (Robbins, 1994). Yet, power is the source of manipulation process and the need for power is one of human basic instincts (Zafer, 2008). According to Nietzsche (1963), human beings say they would like to be happy in life, but what they really want is power (cited in Artan, 2000). According to Nietzsche, the highest value is sovereignty and whoever has power he is the good one (Aydin, 2009). Therefore, power should be considered and examined as a main component in human relationships, not as something good or bad (Artan) as it is the basic term of social sciences and management just like the term energy in physics (Koçel, 1998).

The concepts of power and authority are frequently interchanged. Follet (1941) suggests that these two concepts are mistaken for one another; however they are different concepts indeed. According to Follet, "power" is the ability to create or change something while "authority" is the right to develop and use power (cited in Bursalioglu, 1997). …

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