Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Background Analysis of Traffic Law Discipline Construction

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Background Analysis of Traffic Law Discipline Construction

Article excerpt

Abstract

The construction of traffic law disciplines can not go beyond the actual conditions of the current economic and social development. It has become the No.1 problem to be solved that what development path on earth the analysis and exploration of this kind of reality can provide the development of traffic law disciplines with, when it comes to the construction of the subject. It should be mentioned that the fast developing transportation industry offers soil to the rise of traffic law disciplines; multiple traffic rules engender the sparkles of the rise of traffic law disciplines; universities with apparent transportation industry backgrounds boosted the fusion of traffic and law.

Key Words: Traffic law disciplines; Discipline construction; Background analysis

1. THE FAST DEVELOPING TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY OFFERS SOIL TO THE RISE OF TRAFFIC LAW DISCIPLINES

Traffic is an important means of human beings' production and living activities, and simultaneously it is an essential premise of the communication between culture and substance. Marx once classified transportation industry into one of the four departments of the social material development (the other three ones are respectively mining industry, agriculture and industry). The development of productivity provides the improvement of transportation industry's quality and quantity with material basis. Different modes of production determine and engender corresponding modes of transportation, and at the same time determine traffic laborers' social status in politics and economic life conditions. (1) It should be mentioned that the emergence of hunting activities started purposeful transportation and message passing; the separation of agriculture and animal husbandry made it possible the partial transportation; commodity exchange as a result of the invention of currency promoted the normalization and facilitation of transportation industry. Restricted by the theme of the passage, I will just elaborate on the developing conditions of our nation' transportation industry since China' reform and opening-up.

China' reform and opening-up which started from the end of 1970s becomes the key points of scholars' comments on the current world's numerous social phenomena. The development of transportation industry has to be included. It is estimated that, by the end of 1987, although the average expenditure of urban citizens on transportation and communication is 8.6 RMB, it is 1.2 times more than 1978. The most obvious change in this period is the popularity and promotion of the most fashionable transportation means at that time - bicycle. The number of bicycles of every 100 people increases to 215 from 153, increasing by 40.5%. The public transportation at that time just distributes on cities' main lines. It becomes the true description of rural areas' traffic condition that "there is dust in sunny days; there is mud in rainy days". In the second of China' reform and openingup, the improvement of cities' infrastructure and the implementation of "Unblocked Traffic Project" promotes the development of public traffic and taxi industry, thus making the transformation of ways to travel from riding a bicycle to taking a taxi. Highway traffic at this time is just limited to the design and construction of main traffic lines, such as national and provincial highways, etc.. It should be mentioned that, 1998 becomes the turning point of transportation industry. The enforcement of our nation's positive financial policies eliminates the hard refinancing problems caused in the process of transportation industry' s development, influenced by which, the flooding in of civil society's large amount of capital provides transportation industry's follow-on development with money assurance and power support. The construction of infrastructures including highways, railways and ports develops with great rapidity. The mileages of highways increase by a geometric rate and ports that are capable of carrying 100,000,000 tons of goods come into existence rapidly. …

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