Academic journal article CEPS Journal : Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal

The Relationship between Social Gender and the World of Values in Higher Education

Academic journal article CEPS Journal : Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal

The Relationship between Social Gender and the World of Values in Higher Education

Article excerpt

The differences between male and female students in the field of education can be studied from several points of view. The aim of the present study2 is to approach the issues of mobility closely connected to the educational institution, institutional existence and school, using the filter of value sociology, thus bringing us closer to the different school attitudes and behaviours of the two genders, focusing on higher education. In our analysis, we used the 'Campus-lét' Research database3 (2010) of more that 2,000 students (N=2,384). In the course of completing questionnaires, students responded to the Rokeach Value Survey, which includes 18 terminal and 18 instrumental values evaluated on a five-grade scale. The techniques used were value averages and ranking, factor analysis and analysis of variance. We identified three factors with the use of terminal values (humanist-integrated, seeking happiness in individuals, hedonistic-egoistic) and four with the use of instrumental values (philanthropic, rational, open minded-creative, bureaucratic), with the factor scores indicating a significant relation to gender in five cases.

Keywords: gender differences, Rokeach Value Survey, students, values

Na podrocju izobrazevanja lahko razlike med fanti in dekleti proucujemo z razlicnih vidikov. Namen raziskave je bil prouciti povezanost mobilnosti v tesni povezavi z izobrazevalno institucijo, obstojem institucije in s solo, ob tem pa uporabiti filter sociologije vrednot, da bi tako podrobneje predstavili razlike med spoloma glede odnosa in vedenja v soli s poudarkom na visokem solstvu. V raziskavo je bilo vkljucenih vec kot dva tisoc studentov (N = 2.384) iz raziskovalne baze »Campus-lét« v letu 2010. V raziskavi je bil uporabljen vprasalnik »Rokeach Value Survey «, ki je sestavljen iz 18 terminalnih in 18 instrumentalnih vrednot, ki so jih studentje ocenjevali na petstopenjski lestvici. Analiza izsledkov vkljucuje povprecne vrednosti in rangiranje, faktorsko analizo in analizo variance. Z uporabo terminalnih vrednot smo identificirali tri faktorje (humanisticno-vkljucevalni, iskanje srece pri posameznikih, hedonisticno-egoisticni), stiri pa z uporabo instrumentalnih vrednot (clovekoljubni, racionalni, odprtoustvarjalni, birokratski); izsledki faktorske analize so pokazali statisticno pomembno povezanost s spolom v petih primerih.

Kljucne besede: razlike med spoloma, Rekeach Value Survey, studentje, vrednote

The relation between social gender and the world of values

As the very first step of our theoretical argumentation, we can assert that the two spheres, the category of social gender and the world of values, are closely connected, and that the logic of this connection is quite unambiguous. One common characteristic of the conceptual definition of values is their being embedded in circumstances, while the other is an emphasis on integration into and adaptation to society, which shifts both the community and the individual towards the final status considered to be desired. Both are based on collective experience and can be interpreted as a certain kind of common agreement (Rokeach, 1973; Schwartz & Bilsky, 1990). Thus, specific cultures and subcultures, operating as complex systems and bearing groups' interests in mind, establish the frameworks of human behaviour, and thereby also the category of social gender. As they control the process of socialisation and establish its methods and content, both social gender and values represent well regulated and highly efficiency transmission mechanisms. The male and female roles formed by communities in traditional societies can be different, but they are also similar in the sense that they closely fit into the space defined as a common set of values, norms, rules of behaviour and cultural content, while their rules and sanctions are of a collective quality. Rendering the individual construction impossible is not only confined to the field of experiencing social gender; we face a similar phenomenon in connection with, for instance, religion and other intellectual and behavioural constructions. …

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