Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

The Analysis of Tourist Impact in Nera Gorges with a Special Look over Sopotu Nou to Sasca Montana Sector

Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

The Analysis of Tourist Impact in Nera Gorges with a Special Look over Sopotu Nou to Sasca Montana Sector

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT.

The present article will analyze the complex problematic of both positive and negative influences on the tourist activities. The natural touristic potential will be analyzed and there will be identified its affordability limits. The tourist impact management also involves the social-economical analyze of this area. The trend and the current evolution of the tourist phenomenon in Nera valley, and its direct effects (economic, social and cultural) are analyzed in order to properly determine which are the opportunities and threats that the area subject to the present study is exposed to. The assessment on the statistical data and use of various methodologies for quantitative expression of the volume and intensity of the tourist traffic of travel circulation predictions will help us express hypothesis about resizing the hosting infrastructure meant to receive future visitors' flows. An important aspect is pointing out the activity that stands by its direct effects; regarding both the number of visitors and the improvement and promotion of Cheile Nerei - Beusnita National Park imaged as a highly potential destination, focused on the new demands of tourism at the early 21st century.

Keywords: Nera Gorges, impact, tourist potential, prediction

MOTIVATION

Once a guest of Nera Gorges, one cannot think but of the next visit. An area so rich and unique is in an active process of transformation, both in terms of natural processes and environmental protection, and also social and human processes. Only through a sustainable, designed and applied development to all natural and human environment components it can be achieved the goal of setting up Nera Gorges-Beuçnita National Park. Acknowledging nature's needs cannot be removed from the context of society's complex necessities. An analysis of the impact of tourism on protected areas is absolutely necessary with a view to elaborate and adjust of an effective development strategy.

SCIENTIFIC COMPONENTS IN TOURIST IMPACT ANALYSIS

The impact is deemed as "the collision of bodies/environments of which at least one is moving." The natural environment found in a continuous movement and transformation gets in contact with the socio-human environment, which is also in an even more active spatial-temporal evolution. In such context, a complex phenomenon appears which I will examine below in several aspects.

The main indicators which determine the impact are:

Intensity of environment usage or tourist traffic density shows us the degree to which the area subject to analyze is requested on the tourist market. After determining the maximum permitted level to maintain a balanced development, it can be checked the current situation, following next measures to reduce the volume of traffic, either for infrastructure expansion - depending on the needs and priorities of the area set up by the administrator.

The social impact should be considered mainly in case a sustainable development of the area is wanted. It would be a strategic error to minimize the local communities, both in terms of their use in protected area development, and particularly the way in which they are affected by the measures designed to protect the National Park. The simple ratio between the number of tourists and the number of residents cannot provide a complete picture of the social impact. The "secondary" effects manifested through a wide range of transformations (behavior, consumption, production etc.) should not be overlooked nor underestimated. A community that is not encouraged to maintain its individual character is threatened with the effects of tourist movement, mainly if it is a small one.

The degree of satisfaction of tourists is established on the basis of several questionnaires, where the results must be carefully weighed and understand the problems they perceive. This polling must be done continuously, and the park's manager must coordinate the implementation of changes and monitoring effects. …

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