Academic journal article Researchers World

Levels of Stress among College Teachers with Reference to Coimbatore District

Academic journal article Researchers World

Levels of Stress among College Teachers with Reference to Coimbatore District

Article excerpt


The modern world, which is said to be a world of achievements, is also a world of stress. One finds stress everywhere, whether be within the family, business organization or any other social or economic contest. Right from the time of birth, until the last breath drawn, an individual is invariably exposed to various stressful situations. Stress happens whenever one's mind and body reacts to some real or imagined situation. Since every situation or event in our daily life causes some type or degree of stress, it is unrealistic and impossible to eliminate stress, totally from one's life.

In fact, one actually needs moderate levels of stress to help stay alert and perform well. The only people who are totally free of stress are those who populate the cemeteries. Dr. Hans Selye, the father of stress research, made the important distinction between stress which is harmful and that which is beneficial. Harmful stress can cause one to feel helpless, frustrated, disappointed and harmful. It can also cause physical as well as psychological damage; Selye called this 'distress'.

Keywords: College Teachers, Levels of stress, Stress.


'Stress' refers to the responses, body and mind have to the demands placed on them which is a normal part of life and a normal part of any job. Without stress, one would not meet deadlines, strive to hit sales or production targets, or line up new clients. Meeting the demands and challenges of a job is part of what makes work interesting and satisfying, and it is often what allows people to develop new skills and advance in their careers. In the workplace, people regularly experience stress-causing situations, react to them with heightened tension, and then return to a more relaxed state when the crisis, big or small, is resolved. However, problems occur when stress is so overwhelming or constant that the tension never abates and one can never get to relax.


Stress is a psychological and physiological response to events that upset a person's personal balance in some way. When faced with a threat, whether to physical safety or emotional equilibrium, the body's defenses kick into high gear in a rapid, automatic process known as the 'fight-or-flight' response. Its well known, what this stress response feels like: heart pounding in the chest, muscles tensing up, breath coming faster, every sense on red alert.

According to the American Medical Association, Stress is defined as "Any interference that disturbs a person's mental or physical well-being."


The potential causes of stress are numerous and highly individual. What one considers stressful depends on many factors, including his personality, general outlook on life, problem-solving abilities, and social support system. Something that's stressful to one may not faze someone else, or he/she may even enjoy it. For example, the morning commute may make one anxious and tense because he worries that traffic will make him late. Others, however, may find the trip relaxing because they allow more than enough time and enjoy listening to music while they drive.

The pressures and demands that cause stress are known as stressors. People usually think of stressors as being negative, such as an exhausting work schedule or a rocky relationship. However, anything that forces one to adjust can be a stressor. This includes positive events such as getting married or receiving a promotion. Regardless of whether an event is good or bad, if the adjustment it requires, strains a person's coping skills and adaptive resources, the end result is stress.


Sagar Sharma (1979)1, in his research titled 'A Comparative Study of General Anxiety among Engineers and white collar workers as function of certain Demographic Variables', studied about the anxiety levels among engineers and white collar workers of a state Public Works Department as a function of job level, age, length of service and educational qualifications. …

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