Academic journal article Journal of Politics and Law

The British Resident in Transjordan and the Financial Administration in the Emirate Transjordan 1921-1928

Academic journal article Journal of Politics and Law

The British Resident in Transjordan and the Financial Administration in the Emirate Transjordan 1921-1928

Article excerpt

Abstract

Transjordan as a part of Belad Esham was subject to the Ottoman authority dominated the area from 1516 G up to the Call of Sherif Mecca (Al Hussain Bin Ali) for the revolution on the Ottoman Authority in 1916 after being promised false promises many times, such as the promise given to Sherif Hussain for replacing the Turkish rule by the Arab rule, during that period Britain was making conspiracies with the big Greedy powers in the area through bilateral negotiation with France ended by signing a new treaty called Sykes-Picot Treaty where the Arab map was divided between the two Countries. Where Arabs found themselves after the 1st world war after the defeat of Turkish state in 1918 G became under the rule of a news colonial powers, under what called the mandatory system which was established by the colonial powers to achieve their economic and social ambitions.

Keywords: British resident, financial administration, Transjordan, high commissioner, British colonialism

1. Introduction

Transjordan according to Sykes-Picot treaty and its modifications in San Remo conference on 25 April 1920, found itself within the areas subject to the British rule, as the ministry of colonies in March 1921 reached an agreement with prince Abdallah Bin Al Hussain to put Transjordan under its supervision, through the British High commissioner in Palestine, represented by the British Resident in Amman, and the British government through the British Resident was seeking to strengthen its hold on various civil and military departments using the funds as a mean of pressure and extortion for its full domination.

This study aims to high light the role of the British Resident in Amman as a representative of the high commissioner in Palestine in implementing the British Policy and domination on the Trans Jordania, through his rule controlling the financial management and using the British Financial aid as a mean for imposing their full domination.

1.1 The Arrival of Prince Abdulla Trans Jordanian and Establishment of Emirate of Transjordan

After the first world war the Transjordan was subject to the Arab rule of Prince Faisal in Syria ended with entrance of (Ghoro) forces to Damascus on 24 July 1920G as agreed between Sykes-Picot and the modifications done in San Remo on 25 April 1920, Where a new era of Transjordan history begins represents the separation of Transjordan from the Rest of Syria and became under the British Administration and after that the Transjordan became a base for the Arab Liberals gathering themselves to struggle against the French occupation of Syria to return it back to the Arab rule (Note 1), and started communicating with SheriffHussain who was angry because of the French occupation to Syria and expelling King Faisal from there (Note 2) for sending one of his sons to lead the Arab movement in Transjordan, the Sherif responded to these calls and sent prince Abdullah on 27 Sept 1920 leading a military Force, reached to Ma'an on 21st Oct 1920, raising the slogan of the liberation of Syria and returning back Arab government to Syria (Note 3) declaring himself as a deputy of his brother King Faisal and arrived to Amman on 21 March 1921 at the time of the prince arrival to Amman the British government decided to change its policy in the middle east represented by its call for the middle east conference in Cairo headed by the Minister of Colonies Winston Churchill who became the one who supervises the Middle East department (Note 4) and the presence of colonel (Lawrence for putting the governing plans for the policies of The of the areas under the British mandate, The conference resulted in the agreement of putting the prince Abdullah on the Transjordan with and annual financial aid to manage his Emirates (Note 5) and the conference recommended that the Transjordan is an Arab district belongs to Palestine rule and ruled by an Arab ruler taking his power from the British high commissioner (Note 6) He arrived on 24 March 1921, and the British high commissioner in Palestine Herbert Samuel invited Prince Abdullah to visit Jerusalem to meet the Minister Churchill, the prince agreed and arrived to Jerusalem on 26 march 1921 (Note 7). …

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