Academic journal article International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology

The New Multidimensional and User-Driven Higher Education Ranking Concept of the European Union

Academic journal article International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology

The New Multidimensional and User-Driven Higher Education Ranking Concept of the European Union

Article excerpt

KEYWORDS

Higher education;

World university rankings;

World-class education;

Bibliometric analysis;

Performance evaluation

Abstract Higher education rankings constitute a important but controversial topic due to the methodologies applied in existing rankings and to the use being done of these interpreting their results for purposes which they were not designed for. At present there is no international ranking can responds to the needs of all users and that is methodologically sound by considering the various missions of higher education institutions, mainly due to a narrow focus on research giving less importance to other missions in which higher education institutions can excel beyond research such as teaching quality, knowledge transfer, international orientation, regional engagement etc. The European Commission is currently involved in the implementation of a new higher education ranking methodology, characterised by taking into account a diversity of missions and the diversity of existing higher education institutions. The final aim is to create a tool allowing users to choose the performance indicators of their interest and providing them with a personalised ranking according to their interests. This paper describes the motivation for designing such a tool, the principles of the methodology proposed, as well as the steps foreseen to have it ready for end users by 2014.

© 2012 Asociación Española de Psicología Conductual. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.

All rights reserved.

PALABRAS CLAVE

Educación superior;

Rankings mundiales de universidades;

Educación a nivel mundial;

Análisis bibliométricos;

Evaluación del rendimiento

Resumen La cuestión de los rankings universitarios es un tema de actualidad y que genera gran polémica por la crítica a la metodología empleada en los rankings existentes y por las consecuencias que se derivan de utilizar esta información para fines para los que no fueron concebidos. En la actualidad no existe un ranking internacional que pueda ser útil para la totalidad de los usuarios y que este técnicamente bien construido so pensando distintos factores más allá de la investigación, tales como docencia, gestión, transferencia de conocimiento, orientación internacional, compromiso regional, etc. La Comisión Europea se encuentra inmersa en la implementación de una nueva metodología de ranking universitario que contribuya a mejorar la metodología de rankings, y que se caracteriza por tener en consideración las diversas misiones y tipos de instituciones de educación superior existentes, así como por permitir a cada usuario elegir los indicadores de su interés y proporcionar un ranking personalizado en cada caso. Este artículo describe la motivación para diseñar esta herramienta, los principios de la metodología aplicada y cómo se pretende implementar para tenerla en marcha hacia finales de 2014.

© 2012 Asociación Española de Psicología Conductual. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.

Todos los derechos reservados.

Higher education is key to future growth in Europe, where higher education systems are expected to respond to the training demand of an increasingly diverse group of people (including life long learning). Higher education institutions are making the effort to update their education offer to ensure that they meet the changing demand for skills and abilities required by the diverse jobs of a global labor market. In this context, the majority of institutions increasingly need to diversify their profiles and to focus on their strengths.

The European Commission supports this diversification strategy of higher education institutions as part of its strategy to modernize Europe's higher education (European Commission, 2011). Strengthening the various missions in education, research and innovation is a sine qua non for the success of the Europe 2020 strategy which aims to establish Europe as a world leader in the knowledge economy. …

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