Academic journal article The Middle East Journal

Chronology: Sudan and South Sudan

Academic journal article The Middle East Journal

Chronology: Sudan and South Sudan

Article excerpt

July 21: South Sudan accused Khartoum of bombing territory in the border state of Northern Bahr al Ghazal, which lightly wounded two people, and resulted in the suspension of direct talks between the two states in Addis Ababa. Atif Kiir, spokesman for South Sudan's negotiations team, said that any further talks would take place under African Union (AU) auspices and would not be direct. For its part, Khartoum denied bombing its neighbor and insisted that it struck at rebels from the Justice and Equality Movement operating within its own borders. [Reuters, 7/21]

July 23: Khartoum reported that its army clashed with rebels from the Darfur-based Justice and Equality Movement, overshadowing ongoing peace talks between Sudan and South Sudan in Ethiopia. Sudanese army spokesman al-Sawarmi Khalid said that the rebels had crossed over from South Sudan into Sudan's South Kordofan state and added that, "the armed forces are expelling them from the area." Fighters from the Justice and Equality Movement, however, denied this claim, and instead noted that rebels had seized an army base in Karkadi. [Reuters, 7/23]

July 25: The IMF praised Sudan's recently-passed austerity measures, which included scaling back fuel subsidies and devaluing the currency, for having brought some stability to the economically-fraught nation. President 'Umar al-Bashir's austerity measures provoked limited backlash in Sudan, leading to sporadic protests calling for his removal. [Reuters, 7/25]

July 25: In the first trial of those arrested during a spate of recent anti-government protests, a Khartoum court charged two men with forming a terrorist organization. Security forces arrested Radwan Daoud, an American citizen, and Ahmed Ali Mahjoub two weeks prior in a Khartoum suburb and claimed that seditious political materials were found in their house. Officially, both men were charged with "forming a terrorist organization, working to change the regime by force, criminal conspiracy, criminal participation and inciting unrest." [Reuters, 7/25]

July 31: The UN security council voted 14-0, with one abstention, to renew the UN-African Union peacekeeping force (UNAMID) in Darfur for another 12 months, until July 31, 2013. The resolution also expressed the security council's concern over the humanitarian situation in Darfur, where non-Arab rebels continued to clash with Arab-dominated government forces. Additionally, the resolution expressed the desire for the UN-African Union force to pursue Joseph Kony, head of the Lord's Resistance Army, who may have slipped into Darfur. [Reuters, 7/31]

July 31: Eight people were killed in the city of Nyala in Darfur during the largest protests yet seen against Khartoum and President 'Umar Hassan al-Bashir's recently unveiled austerity measures. Activists accused police of using live ammunition to control the crowd. For its part, the Sudanese security forces said that protestors had "directly targeted" the police, who then responded with the minimum required force. [Reuters, 7/31]

Aug. 2: Sudan and South Sudan failed to resolve a variety of outstanding disputes during talks in Addis Ababa prior to an August 2 UN deadline. Over the previous week-long period, South Sudan agreed to pay Khartoum $9.00 a barrel for oil transported through its territory, up from the original offer of $1.00, and offered a $3 billion compensation package, but Khartoum balked at the offer. [VOA, 8/2]

Aug. 3: Secretary of State Hillary Clinton made a stop in Juba during her African tour and called for Sudan and South Sudan to resolve an oil dispute that severely depleted both nations' economies. …

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