Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Influence of Socio-Cultural Factors on Child's Upbringing in Oshodi/Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria

Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Influence of Socio-Cultural Factors on Child's Upbringing in Oshodi/Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria

Article excerpt

Abstract

This paper investigated the influence of socio-cultural factors on child's upbringing in Oshodi/Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria. Precisely, 250 parents having children that are 0-12 years were interviewed with the aid of questionnaire schedule. The study tested only two hypotheses. Frequency table, Chi-square and binary logistic regression analysis were employed to analyze the data obtained from the survey. The major findings are: firstly, that the socio-cultural factors identified in this study include; the influence of residential environment, family, culture and social institutions. Secondly, that the socio-cultural factors such as; the influence of family, social institutions and residential environment are significantly related to child's upbringing through authoritarian parenting style. Thus, the paper recommends the following: firstly, that the native culture of every parent should reflect in their choice of authoritarian parenting style. Lastly, the family involvement, social institution and residential environment should form the bedrock in child's upbringing in every Nigerian society.

Key words: Socio-cultural factors, Child's upbringing, Authoritarian parenting style and Binary Logistic regression.

Introduction

Basically, most factors that are pertinent to human development can not be separated from proper upbringing of children in our global society. Here, it is important to note that a debate was held to know about the childcare with assertions in the media that non -parental care of young children has not encouraged their development. No doubt, each culture is embedded with an adaptive parenting method and a set of historical customs that are put in place to maximize positive cultural ideas of the people. However, this cultural context is essential in parent-parent interaction, parenting styles and parentchild interactions (Swick, 1985). According to Swick (1985), parenting is accompanied with several cultural dimensions that are inconsistent with each other and thus, not good for children upbringing in every respect. In a situation where there is high quality care input in children upbringing, this is highly beneficial to children (Clarke-Stewart, Gruber and Fitzgerald, 1994; Coughy, DiPietro and Strobino, 1994; Anderson, 1992). Obviously, an aspect of child's care quality upbringing is a core issue that can be conceived as the changes between the home and care setting. For instance, it was evident from studies that there has been specific influence of continuity of experiences across home and child care environments on child's development outcomes(Rosenthal, 2000; Ochiltree and Edgar, 1995; Powell, 1989; Peters and Kontos, 1987).To be specific, researchers have identified that: poverty, education, parenting practices and family structure are family risk factors. Another study on interaction between family environment and child's behavior reveals the following; a child's well-being with a positive and caring parent-child relationship, a stimulating home environment, and consistent disciplinary techniques (Schmitz, 2003).

T o be candid, the soul of a child until six to seven years actually resembles that of clay from which one can mold his personality. Infact, between six to seven years of age, the main features of a child would have been formed and it is often difficult to change such a child. And since the perquisite for an inquiry about a child's personality is justified by the need to generate new knowledge and to expand upon the existing knowledge about patterns of socialization among children who came from different cultures and often relocate to other cultures of environments they reside (Lin & Fu, 1990).

Child's upbringing is essentially demanded from parents by societies and is in turn shaped by the social and cultural influences within and outside the domain of the children concerned. A child's culture and upbringing may result from the mainstream or dominant culture, or it may be one of many subcultures that can be found in almost any country. …

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