Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Predictive Influence of Factors Predisposing Secondary School Adolescents Dropouts to Sexual Risk Behaviour in Ogun State

Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Predictive Influence of Factors Predisposing Secondary School Adolescents Dropouts to Sexual Risk Behaviour in Ogun State

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study examined the predictive influence of factors predisposing secondary school adolescents' dropouts to sexual risk behaviour in Ogun state, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design which sought to determine Adolescents sexual risk behaviours among in - school adolescents in Ogun state. A descriptive was adopted for this study. The participants in the study were sexually active adolescents from Ogun state. These adolescents were primarily from secondary schools adolescent dropouts. They were drawn from Sapon, Itoko, Itoku, Onikolobo, Wari, Eleweeran, Ake, Isabo, Adatan and Ita-Osin in Abeokuta South and North Local government areas of Ogun State. The sample for this study was composed of 400 randomly selected sexually active adolescents (118 males and 337 females) with a mean age of 15.6 years (SD = 1.2; range = 13-19 years old). The result showed that sexual risk behaviour correlates with: (1). Sexual risk attitude (r = .120; p < .05), (2). Parent/peer approval of condom use (r = .114; p> .05), , attitude about personal use of condoms (r = .638; p>.05), gender (r = .555; p>.05). However, there is negative correlation between knowledge associated with transmission of HIV and sexual risk behaviour (r = .006; NS). There were other significant intercorrelations among the independent variables. Further, revealed that attitude about personal use of condoms made the most significant contribution (Beta = .580; t = 9.690; P < 0.05) to the prediction. Other variables also made significant contributions in this descending order (gender: Beta = .175; t = 3.215; P < 0.05); (parent/peer approval of condom use: Beta = .155; t = 4.194; p <0.05); (sexual risk attitude: Beta = .122; t = 2.684; p <0.05); knowledge associated with transmission of HIV: Beta = .062; t = 1.628; p < 0.05). Based on the result of the findings, it was recommended that the quality and quantity of messages targeting young people should be increased as mass media is clearly an effective tool for getting information to young people about STIs/ HIV/ AIDS prevention needs.

Keywords: Personal use of condoms, parent and peer approval of condom use, Sexual Risk Behaviour

Background to the study

For Nigeria's over 24 million adolescents' aged 10 - 19, there are several challenges that come with surviving in today's fast - changing world. The traditional norms and behavioral controls that once guided adolescence are breaking down due to several factors that include increasing poverty, rural - urban migration and the influence of the world media. With the increasing opportunity to acquire formal education, many more young people are spending more years in school and consequently, they are getting married later, especially in the urban areas of Nigeria.

As a result, most Nigerian adolescents have had sexual intercourse by age 20 and often with more than one partner. And the HIV epidemic is on the verge of exploding. More than half of all reported AIDS cases in Nigeria over the last few years were among 15-24 years old. Girls are particularly vulnerable to exploitation and sexual abuse even in their own homes by close family members. All across Nigeria, there are many young people dealing with challenges around their sexuality, with little or no support from parents or communities.

Research on adolescents' HIV prevention needs has become of vital importance to the planning of preventive health programmes for the out-of-school youths in Ogun State of Nigeria. This is because adolescence is a period marked by discovery and adventure and part of being a teenager is taking risks. As a result, this research seeks to focus upon the predisposing factors on sexual risk behaviours among the adolescents.

During the past two decades there has been much research conducted on the relationship between the risky sexual behavior practices among adolescents. This body of research has documented the fact that substance use and not using condoms are the most important indicators associated with the risk of becoming infected with sexually transmitted diseases (STD) both among adolescents and adults (Florida Department of Public Health, 2004; Malow, Devieux, Jennings, & Lucenko, 2001; McCoy & Inciardi, 1995). …

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