Academic journal article International Journal on World Peace

Universal Peace through a Balance of Science and Religious/cultural Practices

Academic journal article International Journal on World Peace

Universal Peace through a Balance of Science and Religious/cultural Practices

Article excerpt

One of the major obstacles to peace in the world today is the conflict between religious and scientific consciousness. This article is designed to bring balance to the discussion by presenting a view of the creation of universe in which the roles of scientific discovery and religious belief can be harmonized. The author begins with the understanding of creation and the sequence of events in the universe from a scientific perspective. Areas of conflict between religious and cultural practices with science are next discussed. Inspiration and lessons are drawn from this knowledge of the universe for greater understanding of human life. The author concludes by recommending the further exploration of outer space, and the need for unity and peaceful coexistence on our planet Earth.

INTRODUCTION

Religious groups and people from traditional societies work on the premise that God has created the universe, but are not sufficiently able to articulate the nature of God or the creation process in ways understood by modern science. This can be inferred by the various statements made by religious philosophers. Some teach that God has provided His created humans with the capacity to possibly understand and know about the entire universe and say that, "God has created humans in His image." Others teach that, "Every human has a soul, which is the part of the Almighty." Hence, it can be argued, from a religious perspective that in the act of creation the kindness of the Almighty and His love for us cannot be ignored. Humans on Earth, a small planet which is of negligible dimension as compared to the universe, need not forget the infinite scope and power of the Creator. Religious and social beliefs do not necessarily have harmony with science. Yet many unexplained aspects of human life through scientific theories and logic still end up taking refuge in the domain of religious and social beliefs - just not the animistic or anthropomorphic beliefs of many traditional religions. However, some of the scientific theories, like the massenergy relationship, have been accepted by religious leaders and interpreted in their own way. In the end, the broad objectives of both scientific and religious studies are to unfold the secrets of nature and discover truths of our existence.

CREATION OF THE UNIVERSE AND LESSONS LEARNED

Scientists postulate that the universe began billions of years ago in an event called Big Bang. Why it happened is perhaps the greatest of all mysteries to both scientists and religious philosophers. How it happened from a scientific viewpoint is nothing short of divine! It is believed that all matter, energy as well as space and time, was created during this event. At the time of this event the universe had infinite density and zero distance. After the big bang the universe began expanding, which resulted in the universe becoming larger and cooler, a trend scientists still observe today.

During the expansion of the universe a time came when matter and radiation could no longer interact as freely with each other and the matter in the universe began to cool, forming stars and galaxies. Likewise the radiation that filled the universe became more diluted as the universe expanded. Matter formed itself into lumps that were the forerunners of primitive galaxies. Due to the force of gravity, these lumps grew smaller and began to spin faster, flattening out into the rough disc shapes that we see in these giant rotating wheels of matter. Within these galaxies smaller clouds, also experiencing gravitational collapse, eventually formed clusters of hot young stars. On the macro scale, we see clusters of galaxies and perhaps clusters of clusters. Our own local group of galaxies is an insignificant collection of two large galaxies along with a few minor ones. Our local group is a part of the Virgo Supercluster which contains some tens of thousands of galaxies.

There has been conflict between science and religion due to diverse views on many aspects of Creation. …

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