Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Teachers' Views about Science and Technology Lesson Effects on the Development of Students' Entrepreneurship Skills

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Teachers' Views about Science and Technology Lesson Effects on the Development of Students' Entrepreneurship Skills

Article excerpt


The purpose of this study was to determine the views of science and technology teachers about the effects of 6th, 7th and 8th grade science and technology courses on students' entrepreneurship skills. In the study, phenomenographic method was used and data were collected through a semi-structured interview method with 8 questions. 5 science and technology teachers, who were working in the province of Amasya, participated in this research. The obtained data were analyzed with the NVIVO 9 software. Based on data analysis, it was concluded that teachers did not have enough knowledge about entrepreneurship concept, so that they had different understanding and practices to gain their students the entrepreneurial skills. However, it was identified that teachers having a common vision about student-centered teaching methods and techniques were effective in developing entrepreneurial skills. At the end of the study, to develop a collective mentality about entrepreneurship skills, it was recommended to the teachers that class meetings should be made more functional and more studies should be required for the dissemination of good practices.

Key Words

Entrepreneurial Skills, Science and Technology Course, Science and Technology Teacher.

In our age, a human model is needed that a person who knows ways of attaining knowledge and learning to learn rather than a person who knows everything (Numanoglu, 1999). The main purpose of the educational systems is to educate creative and innovative humans (Çalik & Sezgin, 2005), and also, it is expected that all these educational systems prepare the individual for the information society and make him an outstanding member of the society (Kültekin, 2006). For this purpose, the new primary curriculum was introduced in our country in 2004.

Renewed primary curriculum, with a student centered approach, adopting a constructivist approach, aims to improve students skills in; critical thinking, creative thinking, communication, research and inquiry, problem solving, using information technologies, entrepreneurship and using Turkish right, effective and beautiful (Milli Egitim Bakanligi [MEB], 2005), and give students opportunities to learn by doing and experiencing (Bacanak, 2008; Erdogan, 2005; Kirikkaya, 2009).

In daily life, enterprise is used to express the state to take action to do a job, and entrepreneur is used to mean go-getter who involved in such situation. In fact, these concepts are discussed in an economic frame (Aytaç & Ilhan, 2007). The "entrepreneurship" phenomena and "entrepreneurial culture" phenomena, which is developed in parallel with these concepts, are one of the issues which should be emphasized, especially in recent years (Eraslan, 2011).

Çarikçi and Koyuncu (2010), describe an enterprising individual as a person who aims to resolve the need to respect by removing societal needs after performing requirements such physiological, security, belonging and love. Ministry of Education (2005) describes the entrepreneurship "... empathy, to show consistent behavior at human relationships, planning, implement plans, risk-taking, detection of a product need that may be needed in any field..."

Some basic skills in entrepreneurship can be developed through training. Iredale and Motsa (2002, p. 1 as cited in Gömleksiz & Kan, 2007) listed these skills as; problem solving, creativity, persuasion, planning, accurate decision making, self-trust, autonomy, self-sufficiency, achievement orientation, being versatile, resourceful and dynamic. On the other hand, Eraslan (2011) has listed the basic skills which an entrepreneur individual should have as following:

- She/he should be open for innovation, and create interesting ideas and thoughts to profitable activity domains.

- She/he boldly take on risks that can occur or may occur against the challenges of different and unusual events, and must have knowledge and skills of risk management. …

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