Academic journal article Economics, Management and Financial Markets

The Identification of Present Level of Human Resources Professional Training in Locale Cfr of Constanta

Academic journal article Economics, Management and Financial Markets

The Identification of Present Level of Human Resources Professional Training in Locale Cfr of Constanta

Article excerpt


One of the issues encountered by the public railways units management is the age average which is high, a lot of employees that fill in jobs related to responsibilities of traffic safety have already overpassed their retirement age. The necessity to maintain it operating comes from the paucity of appropriate qualified personnel on the labor market. This opinion is sustained also by the hiring carried out by the private operators of railway transport in the last period of time; they have rehired retired personnel from the state railway companies. From this perspective, we point out the need to increase the number of qualified employees in railway transport. Otherwise, railway transport will face a shortage of qualified personnel similar to the one in the construction area. With a view to assessing present and perspective exigencies concerning the training and improvement of railway staff, a study with exploring character has been carried out, within the National Company CFR SA Locale Infrastructure of Constanta. Within the analyzed locale, it has been preceded, in the second phase, to analyze the improvement need of the trainers of this institution, as a direct consequence of the low level of the training activity management of the staff in charge of railway traffic safety. In the present study we put forward the results of the research obtained after practicing the questionnaire named "Questionnaire to assess the training and improvement activity of the railway staff of CN CFR S.A. Locale of Constanta."

JEL classification: L92, O15, M12

Keywords: permanent training, professional ability, railway safety, policies of training and improvement

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)


The system to maintain professional abilities for the railway personnel in Europe is brought under regulation through the European Qualifications Framework - EQF (European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning), which is a reference frame that facilitates lifelong learning.

Referring to permanent training, this instrument defines the following terms:

* professional ability represents proven capacity to use knowledge, abilities and personal, social or methodological capacities during work or study;

* knowledge represents the result of information absorption through study. These are the totality of facts, principles, theories and practices related to a certain work or study field.

* abilities are the capacity to apply and use knowledge to accomplish tasks and to solve problems. Abilities are described as being cognitive (implies the use of logic, intuitive and creative thinking) or practical (implies manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools or instruments).

To maintain and develop professional abilities at a high qualitative level and with the purpose of respecting requirements concerning railway safety, they imposed through OMT 815/20102 that the personnel with responsibilities in traffic safety, as well as other categories of personnel that carry on activities specific to railway transport operations in Romania, are to be comprised and integrated in a professional abilities maintaining system, that represents the minimal framework necessary to accomplish objectives of railway traffic safety and includes the totality of permanent professional training programs in the railway field.


Hypothesis is:

* the correct, complete, efficient and opportune assessment of railway personnel represents the essence of the operational maintaining system of human resources professional abilities in railway transport area, central element of passenger and freight traffic management system.

Methods used in research are:

* inquiry, used to test hypothesis; two inquiries were carried out, questionnaires-based, that have been applied to persons with management jobs within services with responsibilities of personnel training and improvement within Locale CFR of Constanta, to trainers from all training centers under the locale and to station chiefs of Constanta-Mangalia traffic quarter;

* direct observation, through improvement sessions participation in the training centres in Constanta and Mangalia and the weekly work meetings that the regional manager has had with the division chiefs, at the Local CFR headquarters of Constanta, where the present ones got questionnaires with the purpose of obtaining preliminary information for the study;

* indirect observation based on documents through the study of datasheet assessment of each individual's professional performances and of training portflolio for the jobs with railway safety responsibilities, existent in the archive of the Control Access Infrastructure service within Traffic Division of Constanta. …

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