Academic journal article Pennsylvania Literary Journal

Canada. Emancipate Your Colonies!

Academic journal article Pennsylvania Literary Journal

Canada. Emancipate Your Colonies!

Article excerpt

"The expectation of a rupture with the Colonies has struck the people of Great Britain with more terror than they ever felt for a Spanish Armada, Or a French invasion. Under the present system of management Great Britain derives nothing but loss from the dominion which she assumes over her Colonies." - SMITH. Wealth of Nations, chap. vii. Colonial Policy, A.D. 1776.

"That England has benefited immensely by the loss of her North American Colonies is a fact no one has attempted to deny. Yet she spent the incredible sum of £75,000,000 in attempting to retain possession; a monstrous error in policy indeed; for she might have enjoyed the same benefits, that is to say, emancipated her Colonies, without expending a sixpence; besides saving a profusion of blood, and gaining credit for generosity, in the eyes of Europe and posterity." - SAY. Political Economy, chap. xix. Of Colonies and their Products, M.D. 1820, Paris.

"Colonies are the offspring of Monopoly. They add nothing to the wealth, and nothing to the strength of an empire. They are WARBREEDERS!"- . DR. THOMAS COOPER. Elements of Political Economy, chap. xii. On Colonies. Columbia, U.S. 1829.

"The state of the Trade with CANADA may be referred to in proof of what has now been stated. It employs a large number of ships and seamen: and seems to a superficial observer highly valuable. In truth and reality, however, it is very much the reverse. Two-thirds and more of the trade with CANADA is forced and factitious; originating in the oppressive discriminating duty of forty shillings a load imposed on timber from the north of Europe, over and above what is imposed on that brought from a British Settlement in North America. This obliges us to resort to CANADA, whence we import an inferior article at a higher price. The disadvantages of this impolitic system are numerous and glaring." - MACULLOCH. Statistical Account of the British Empire, 1837, chap. iii. Colonies and Dependencies.

DEDICATION.

To the Right Honorable LORD VISCOUNT MELBOURNE,

First Lord of the Treasury, &c. &c.

MY LORD,

I dedicate to your Lordship's instruction the following admirable argument of BENTHAM- " EMANCIPATE YOUR COLONIES"at a critical moment of your Lordship's personal reputation and political power. CANADA may be the grave of your Lordship's Cabinet, if this second War by Great Britain to perpetuate Colonial dependence and misgovernment is unwisely prosecuted.

Start not, my Lord, at the boldness of the advice: it is the sage counsel of the most profound writer on Political Science, enforced by the most enlightened Economists of Europe and America.

Revolutionized France, in 1789, conferred on BENTHAM the honorary distinction of Citizenship. In January 1790, the new Citizen acknowledged the compliment paid to his political character, not by any fulsome panegyric on the French Revolution, but by the following Address to the Convention, demonstrating' the vital truths of his precept, -

"EMANCIPATE YOUR COLONIES." M. TALLEYRAND (then a zealous Republican) can inform your Lordship, that this Address was mortifying to the pride and military spirit of France, at war with her WestIndia Colonies, and was therefore suppressed. St. Domingo was lost, and profitably lost to the French Nation. The Negro even burst asunder the fetters imposed upon him by the Gallieart Whites, and with fearful indignation announced his independence; declaring that the natives of Africa were a species of the human race, not different from nor inferior in body or mind to the White inhabitants of Europe. "I am a man," eloquently writes the Black Legislator of Hayti, DE VASTEY, emancipated and selfgoverned. "I feel it in the whole of my being. I possess the faculties, mental and corporeal, which mark my affinity to a Divine original, and I feel humbled at finding myself compelled to enter into a serious refutation of such puerilities, such idle sophisms, to convince men like myself that I am their fellow. …

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