Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Impact of Nationality on Employees' Perception towards Human Resource Management Policies

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Impact of Nationality on Employees' Perception towards Human Resource Management Policies

Article excerpt

Abstract

Globalisation has led to opening up avenues when it comes to business opportunities. Multinational Organizations nowadays tend to have a presence in various nations and also have a tendency to employ a diverse work force. Therefore the HR department has had to make a lot of changes in the way their organizations work culture is developed since they have to incorporate the views and culture of employees from diverse backgrounds. It is important to understand their views and to determine how the HRM policies affect them. This study delves into the concept of employee perceptions on various HRM policies from the perspective of one's nationality. A cross sectional survey and quantitative survey methodology was adopted for this study. The study determines that if individuals perceive certain practices in a positive light, then there's a very good chance that they will consider the rest of the HR practices with the same positive outlook and vice versa.

Keywords: workforce diversity, employee perception, HRM policies, employee satisfaction

1. Introduction

There are ample opportunities and disputes within business organizations due to the growth in the diversity at workplace (Milliken, 1996; Haile, 2012). Organizations which handled diversity effectively got huge benefits like increase in the production rates, huge rates of retention and also attained the ability to employ high-potential candidates (Loden and Rosenor, 1991; Morrison, 1992). The issue for organizations was not just to handle the diversity well by implementing better policies and rewarding suitable managerial behavior but also to focus attention on the employee's sense of discrimination (Sense, 2011). This was considered important due to the fact that the employees beliefs irrespective of being consistent with the reality, affected the behavior (Barak, Cherin, and Berkman, 1998; Eisenberger, Fasolo, and Davis-LaMastro, 1990; Stainback et al., 2010).

Due to the effect of international environment, there are lots of new roles for HR departments emerging in multinational corporations in line with the different HRM strategies for internationalization (Taylor, et al., 1996; Thite et al., 2012). It targets on designing and monitoring the execution of corporate HR policies mainly to the firm's higher management and expatriates at the corporate HR level. The most substantial issue faced by most of the organizations is the varying workforce. Workforce diversity is a statistic based factor seen in MNC firms and institutions in places all around the world (Little.eld 1995; Morosini 1998). Other business factors like the global competition and staying competitive are considered to be driving diversity into organizations, irrespective of the geographic location (Rochelle et al., 2012).

In theory, the most pioneering field in evaluating diversity is the international business field (Simons 1992). This diversity has grown because of the need to survive and succeed (Wright et al., 2002). Multinational corporations are made to formulate and enforce ideas which could drive them to get and hold on to diverse customer bases not within the country but throughout the world (Albert 1994; Fernandez 1993; Florkowski 1997; Norton and Fox 1997;Denker et al., 2008). It was also important to get hold of a diverse workforce that is similar to its diverse market.

1.1 Problem Statement

Employee's perception is very important when it comes to running an effective organization. Only by listening to the employees opinions and by reacting to them can an organization develop. Ineffective HRM polices contribute to employees' perceptions of unfairness and they are more likely to consider leaving the organization. Today's multinational companies tend to have a diverse work force and this means that there are workers from different countries working for the organization. It is important to understand their views and to determine how the HRM policies affect them. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.