Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Study on the Characteristics and Cultivating Path of the Industry-University Symbiotic Networks: Based on the Small-World Network Model and the Theory of Symbiosis

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Study on the Characteristics and Cultivating Path of the Industry-University Symbiotic Networks: Based on the Small-World Network Model and the Theory of Symbiosis

Article excerpt

Abstract

This Paper proposed the concept of industry-university symbiotic networks based on the analysis of the network and symbiotic characteristic of the cooperation of industry, universities and research institutions. The information, material and energy exchange rate, the degree of concentration and the generation and distribution mechanism of the symbiotic energy of the industry-university symbiotic networks were analyzed. We pointed out that increasing the scale of the network, optimizing the symbiotic interface, necessarily breaking and re-bonding the links and promoting the distribution of the symbiotic energy were the most fundamental means of enhancing the ability of industry-university symbiotic networks. At last this paper drew a path map of cultivating the industry-university symbiotic networks.

Keywords: industry-university symbiotic networks, small world network, symbiosis, characteristics, path of cultivating

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

1. Introduction

Driven by the interests, universities and enterprises will use their own resources to collaborate complementary economic and social activities. The cooperation between universities and enterprises can speed up technological progress and improve the efficiency of scientific achievements, and play an important role in the national economic and social development. How to speed up the cooperation between universities and enterprises, enhance the level of cooperation has become an important issue.

With the deepening of the cooperative relationship between universities and enterprises, more and more universities and enterprises are involved in, the level of cooperation are increasing, and the cooperation appeared like a network. On the other hand, the cooperation between them, in essence, is also the pursuit of a symbiotic relationship (Sheng, 2007). Many researchers study on the cooperation networks of the universities and the enterprises, for examples, Feng et al(2008)used small world network model to analyze the structural characteristics of the cooperative innovation networks and put forward targeted cultivate mechanism; Li(2010) studyed the structure and cultivate mechanism of the cooperation networks of the universities and the enterprises via scale-free network model; Han(2006) studied characteristics and governance mechanisms of regional research cooperation innovation networks via complex scientific theories; Jiang et al(2007)used modern field theory to analysis the characteristics of the network of technology innovation. Those scholars mainly research cooperation network characteristics from a network perspective, but they did not involve the formation mechanism of the cooperative relationship between the nodes. Si et al(2009)points out that the cooperation relationships of the universities and the enterprises are symbiosis relationships, and the theory of symbiosis is a appropriate perspective of studying on the cooperation of enterprises and universities. It provides a whole new way of thinking for us to study the I-U (Short for Industry-University) symbiotic network.

The author illustrated the formation and cultivated the mechanism of the I-U symbiotic networks via the Small World Network Model and the Theory of Symbiosis. This paper claimed that grasping the network characteristic of the cooperation of universities and enterprises can take full advantage of multiplier effect of excellent network and enhance the level of cooperation. The symbiotic theory provides a new perspective for the optimization of cooperation of universities and enterprises with the value of the methodology.

2. Industry-University Symbiotic Networks (IUSN)

The Symbiotic networks first appeared in the fields of the biology,and was refer to the network forms by biological populations which live together according to a certain pattern of interdependence and interaction. They have the characteristics of the co-existence and co-evolution. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.