Academic journal article Journal of Community Positive Practices

Identity Features of the Romanian Immigrants from Italy

Academic journal article Journal of Community Positive Practices

Identity Features of the Romanian Immigrants from Italy

Article excerpt

Abstract: The Romanian transnational migration represents one of the most important social processes that our country had to face during the past two decades, involving over 3,5 million citizens. The most compatriots have left, especially for working, to Italy, Spain, France, England, Greece, and to other continents. The biggest Romanian immigrant community in different European states is in Italy and Spain, and the migration phenomenon form Romania is still in process. The main purpose of this article is to respond at three important questions: Who are those who have leftfrom Romania to Italy, in what regions they are living and working? Which are the most important reasons of their options for this country? In what measure living in a foreign society has influenced their cultural identity and their value options? In the article is also presented a brief history of the sociological researches on Romanian immigrants from Italy, socio-demographical data and comparative analyses. The main research methods that we have used are the statistical method and the opinion query based upon questionnaire. The initial hypothesis, that Romanians from Italy have preserved, generally, their cultural identity, was confirmed by the results of the sociological field research

Key-words: immigrant population, socio-demographic structure, stages of emigration, reasons for emigration, potential migration

1. Introduction

After 1990, many Romanian citizens emigrated abroad (Nicolaescu, 2011). According to some unofficial statistic estimations, their number is almost 3.5 million people. Most of them, around 2 million, arrived to Italy and Spain, although their presence is also notified in other European countries, especially the western ones, and other continents too. The Romanians' trans-national migration constitutes one of the most important social phenomena that marked our society in the contemporary period. During the last two decades, Italy, Spain, France, England and Germany confronted with a great number of immigrants that came especially from the developing countries, from Central and Eastern Europe, but also from northern Africa or other continents. The amplitude of the immigration phenomenon places Italy among the European countries with an important share of foreign population. For example, at the 1st of January 2006, the foreign people represented almost 9% of the German population, over 6% of that of Spain, over 5% from that of Great Britain and over 6% of that of France.

According to the official statistic data, published by the Italian state, at the 1st of January 2011, the total number of the resident foreigners from its territory was of 4.570.317 people, being with 335.000 more immigrants than the previous year. In 2011, Italy had 60.6 million dwellers, among which 7.5% were foreigners that came especially from European, African and American countries. Most of them (86.5%) were concentrated in the northern and central areas of the country, known both for their high level of economic, social and cultural development and for their permanent touristic importance (The National Institute of Statistics - ISTAT [online] at www.istat.it, accessed October, 2011).

At the beginning of 2011, the official statistic data indicated the fact that the number of the Romanian citizens with permit of residence on the Italian territory reached over 1 million people (9.1% more than in 2010). in reality, their number was thought to be much bigger, some specialists that studied this problem, mentioning the number of approximately 1.3 million people (in their total number being also present those who don't have a permit for residence in Italy). Thus, the Romanian community from the Peninsula became the most numerous, being followed by the communities of citizens that came from other countries, such: Albania, Morocco, China, Ukraine, Philippine, Moldova Republic, India, Poland, Tunisia etc. The migration for working and, implicitly, for a better living, represents the main cause of the migration phenomenon from one country to another and from one geographical area to another. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.