Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Factors Associated with Bullying Behavior in Islamic Private Schools, Pattani Province, Southern Thailand

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Factors Associated with Bullying Behavior in Islamic Private Schools, Pattani Province, Southern Thailand

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to investigate the associations between students' bullying behaviors in Islamic private schools, Pattani province and classroom management factors (democracy, authoritarian, and permissive classroom management), family upbringing factors (strict, permissive, and democracy upbringing), environment violence factors (influence of peers violence, community violence, and parents violence), and to identify risk factors for bullying behaviors. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1,500 students were interviewed to collect relevant data by using a screening inventory for students at risk of exposure to bullying behavior in Islamic private schools (Laeheem & Sungkharat, 2012). Pearson Product-moment correlation test was used to analyze the associations between bullying outcome and various determinants linked to classroom management factors, family upbringing factors, and environment violence factors. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to identify risk factors for bullying. The study indicated that there were significant associations between bullying behavior and authoritarian classroom management, strict upbringing, influence of peers violence, and influence of parents violence. The influence of parents violence was clearly the most strongly associated predictors in explaining the students bullying behavior (Beta value= 2.26). The strict upbringing, authoritarian classroom management, and influence of peers violence were also made some contribution in explaining the variance in the students bullying behavior (Beta value= 1.93, 0.23, and -3.27), respectively.

Keywords: bullying behavior, Islamic private schools, classroom management factors, family upbringing factors, and environment violence factors

1. Introduction

Bullying is a common behavioral problem occurring in Islamic private schools, is considered a common problem in schools and is well-known to among all parties concerned such as among students themselves, parents, teachers and educators. It is still a worrying problem which affects students' quality of life, inflicting psychological, emotional, and physical damage and occurs throughout the world beyond (Kochenderfer & Ladd, 1996; Laeheem, Kuning, McNeil, & Besag, 2008). School bullying can be defined as any negative actions repeatedly inflicted by a stronger student or student gang toward another student (Farrington, 1993; Olweus, 1999). This negative action must be deliberate and carried out with the intent of causing harm to the victim (Farrington, 1993). Bullying might be classified in a variety of ways including physical assaults and psychological or emotional or verbal harassment (Laeheem, Kuning, & McNeil, 2009). Physical bullying is an action oriented and an intended to intimidate or physically hurt the victim through pinching, pushing, kicking, and hitting, while verbal bullying is using words to humiliate or hurt someone's feelings through teasing, name-calling, insulting, or threatening behavior (Beale, 2001; Woods & Wolke, 2004; Gini, 2004).

The major reasons that children bully others are to enjoy exercising power and status over their victims, boredom, jealousy, attention seeking, showing off, anger, revenge, and self-protection (Besag, 1989; Besag, 2006). In this way, bullying eases the way for children to be drawn into a path of delinquency, vandalism and criminality (Farrington, 1993; Junger, 1996). The targets or victims of school bullying are at risk of a variety of negative outcomes. They are more likely than non-victimized children to become anxious, insecure, lonely, depressed, to be rejected by their peers, drop out of school, feud, or decide to protect themselves by carrying guns/weapons to school (Boulton & Underwood, 1992; Craig, 1998).

There are many causes of bullying , such as domestic violence or physical abuse between parents (Singer, Miller, Guo, Slovak, & Frierson, 1998; Baldry, 2003). …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.