Academic journal article Asian Social Science

A Study of Flexible Working Hours and Motivation

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

A Study of Flexible Working Hours and Motivation

Article excerpt

Abstract

The flexible working hours allows employees to focus on multiple roles in today's competitive working environments. This arrangement has been widely practiced in order to create balance between work and lifestyle. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the flexible working hours and employees' motivation. The survey questionnaires were used for data collection in this study. Meanwhile, both descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to analyse the data. The results indicated that the implementation of flexible working hours show a significant impact to the employees' motivation in the XYZ Department. Thus, the null hypothesis was rejected. Therefore it can be concluded that there is a high positive correlation between flexible working hours and employees' motivation. Through this study, opinions, suggestions and comments were discussed to enhance the effectiveness of the working system.

Keywords: flexible working hours, motivation, job satisfaction

1. Introduction

Streamlining of working hour schedule and balancing between personal life and work is an essential issue in the European Union countries especially in the United Kingdom since 1990s (Jones & Jones, 2011). This agenda has attracted the attention of various parties, especially among motivational experts and politicians who agreed that this issue should be discussed further in order to improve the balance between work and family. Indeed, the flexible working arrangement practices leads to balance the job responsibility and children's safety at home especially for working mother (Michael, 2004). Furthermore, previous research proved that the flexible working hours contributed to higher job satisfaction, motivation and employee engagement (Mc Nall et al., 2010). Therefore, to increase the employee motivation towards the vision and mission, each organization needs to emphasize on their staffwelfare. Fynes et al. (1998), identified among the advantages gained by the staffthrough the implementation of flexible working hours are the ability to reduce absenteeism, reducing stress, improving staffmoral and increasing staffmotivation to work. As a result, the implementation of flexible working hours schedule in Europe in both public and private sectors have contributed to balance the work and family responsibility. By doing so, the staffs have more suitable time to cater responsibilities towards the family including food, children safety and shopping without any stress (De Roure, 1995).

The flexible working hours consists of part time, overtime, long term leaves, job sharing, flexitime and shiftwork (Chung & Tijdens, 2012; Jones & Jones, 2011). They also stated that the working time referring to the degree of flexibility, gender equity, negotiation structure and diversity of working time. However, all staffmust be available at the work place within a time frame, such as within 10.00 am until 3.30 pm. Therefore by implementing this system, employees may choose the suitable time to clock-in and clock-out, provided that the total working hours in a day or in a week remains complied (Zulkifli et al., 2004). Subramaniam and Selvaratnam (2010) pointed out that almost half of women employees in Malaysia faced difficulties of balancing work and their family life. To this regard, the government and private sectors should take note of this issue accordingly. This is because there is an increase in awareness of the quality work relationship for working mothers.

The purposed of this research is to identify the relationship between flexible working hour schedule and staffmotivation in XYZ government agency. The hypothesis for this study is stated as follows:

H0: There is no relationship between flexible working hour schedule and staffmotivation level.

H1: There is a relationship between flexible working hour schedule and staffmotivation level.

2. Literature Review

The impact from changes in economy, technology, social and lifestyle in today's environments have boosted the awareness of flexible working arrangements in an organisation. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.