Academic journal article South Asian Studies

Growing Traffic in Peshawar: An Analysis of Causes and Impacts

Academic journal article South Asian Studies

Growing Traffic in Peshawar: An Analysis of Causes and Impacts

Article excerpt


Peshawar is increasingly transforming into a city of congestion and traffic related problems due to growing number of vehicles coupled with lack of expansion in the existing road network and effective traffic management. This paper is aimed to study the status of growing traffic, its main causes and effects, road network analysis vis-à-vis the prevalent traffic management in the city. For this purpose relevant secondary data was collected from Excise and Registration Department, Peshawar; Communication and Works Department, Peshawar; National Highway Authority, Peshawar; Bureau of Statistics, Peshawar; Highways Department Peshawar; Peshawar Development Authority and Headquarter Traffic Police, Peshawar. Information was also collected through questionnaires survey and interviews with drivers, general commuters and personal observation. The findings reveal that during 1998-2009, the proportion of increase in number of vehicles is 126.4 % while that of road network expansion is only 0.85 %. The data shows that major contribution to increasing number of vehicles is private cars, which constitute 75.35 % of the total registered vehicles and has shown 228.98 % increase during 1998-2009. Besides, the greater number of road-blockages and check posts created by the security personnel in the wake of terrorism threats is another cause of traffic jams in the city. Furthermore, the situation has caused extra fuel consumptions and delays. The paper suggests effective traffic management and awareness; planning and development control with measures to discourage the use of private cars in the city.

KEY WORDS: Proportion, Road Network, Road Blockages, Traffic Management, Planning and Development Control


Cities of today largely depends on transport system for their economic survival and socio-environmental sustainability. Housing patterns, land utilization, economic and commerce centers are all shaped by the transport system. Although, the transport system has a direct impact on all sectors of an economy, its environmental, economic and social impacts are significant as these are directly related to quality of life and urban productivity. The impacts of ill-planned transport on human environment include congestion, more energy consumption, pollution and traffic crashes. Mankind has been endeavoring for the improvement of transportation since early history of civilization. This improvement is not only done for the easy communication of services but also for the exchange of goods and services. Consequently, this improvement has uplifted the standard of living and lifestyle of humans. A best transportation system results into a well-developed society and a progressive country.

This paper examines the intensity of traffic and transportation system in Peshawar city. The paper is divided into four sections. The section one is comprised of introduction to the study and study area as well as statement of the problem. A theoretical basis of study is also part of this section. The second part discusses the methods and materials used for the collection of data and information. The third section describes results and findings of the study, while the last section of the paper is about the conclusions and suggestions.

Study Area and Statement of the Problem

This study is focused on investigating the pattern of traffic growth and its causes and effects on commuters and residents of Peshawar city. Peshawar is the Capital City of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the administrative center of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. Founded by Kushan King Kanishka in the 2nd Century AD, the city once called Purushapura. It was Kushan leader Kanishka who made it his capital. Owing to its importance, it remained the target of successive Afghan, Persian and Mongol invaders over centuries. It was named Peshawar by the Mughal emperor Akbar.

Peshawar city is one of the most polluted and congested city of the country as far as traffic is concerned. …

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