Academic journal article Global Media Journal

Guest Editors' Note

Academic journal article Global Media Journal

Guest Editors' Note

Article excerpt

The Spring 2013 issue of Global Media Journal American edition focuses on the rapid changes occurring in the "Arab World." In the midst of rapid social and governmental change, as well as the rise and fall of political regimes, personal and social media seem to stay at the forefront. During the initial period of revolution in Egypt, the Mubarak government tried to "turn the internet off." Rather than quash the protests, as cutting offcommunication has typically done in the past, it inflamed the public even further, possibly escalating the government's fall.

Communication technology has influenced the public sphere in the Middle Eastern cultures in the past a few decades, starting from radio to television, but probably, the start and the spread of TV satellite channels in the early 1990s, with an open sky in the Arab world,, was a turning point in the effect of technology on societies of the region. The Internet became political and social tools of real changes in the region since 2011, when the Arab Spring started in Tunisia, Egypt and the rest of the change. The development and the introduction of technology within the Internet industry has accelerated the pace of change, and became the friend of Arab revolutions.

As people cross cultures, religions, and geography with instant and free or low cost communication one to one - such as Skype and SMS - they became more able to converse with people across the world as if they were merely across the street. Blogs, comes the forth in terms of social media effects on the region. Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, and other social medial allowed these people to now become producers or publishers creating one to many content - spreading their messages and fueling change at a faster pace. …

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