Academic journal article South Asian Studies

Indo-US Civilian Nuclear Deal: The Gainer and the Loser

Academic journal article South Asian Studies

Indo-US Civilian Nuclear Deal: The Gainer and the Loser

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT

The US-India nuclear deal of July, 2005, is a remarkiable development in the framework of overall India-US relationship.The Indo-US Deal is a clear manifestation of the US' ultimate desire to recognize India as the leading power in the region, despite of the fact, that Pakistan is a close partner of US in the war against global terrorism, and major non-NATO ally. India came out as the principal beneficiary of this deal. The deal fulfilled India's longstanding geo-strategic objectives, it's nuclear and missile predominance, and it's aggressive and evil designs in the region.. Under the deal, India will get the capability to produce 50 warheads a year. The deal turns out to be unfair and discriminatory in the sense that it has bestowed India with all the benefits of a nuclear weapons state without any international obligations. The qualitative and quantitative improvement of India's nuclear arsenal would adversely affect the deterrence stability in South Asia. The nuclear deal will further enhance Indian capability to have pre-emptive attack against Pakistan. This study looks at the security concerns of Pakistan in the wake of this new relationship.

KEY WORDS: Se Deal, Nuclear, Missile, Deterrence, Qualitative, Quantitative, Weapons, Option, Strategy, USA, India, & Pakistan.

Introduction

Since 9/11, USA relations with India became more friendly, cooperative and cordial. In the changing regional and global scenario both countries need each other than before. Their common views and perception on the global war against international terrorism, religious fundamentalism, extremism, weapons of mass destruction, and most of regional and global issues made them an enduring friends, close partners, and allies. Moreover, their common interest for promoting World peace and order, their joint commitment for supporting democracy, and their desire to develop close cooperation in nuclear, military, economic, and political fields for the fulfillment of these objectives led these two countries to end their long-decade misunderstanding, mistrust, and differences and to work together for lasting and brilliant future relationship. And above, India's rising economy, its huge business and market potential with advanced nuclear and missile technology has provided a new outlook for the India-U.S. relationship in new era. The formation of the Indo-US strategic partnership served as a milestone for the conclusion of Indo-US nuclear deal in July 2005.

Under the new civil nuclear agreement, India has agreed to separate its civilian and military programs and to put two-thirds of its existing reactors, and 65% of its generating power under international safeguards for verification. In return, United States will supply nuclear fuel and technology to India. This deal is very vital for India, because one of the great challenges of its fast-growing economy is the shortage of electricity. India has, therefore, perceived the agreement as a means of achieving its basic energy needs. By acquiring high technology from US will end India's feeling of isolation, and reduce its dependence Persian Gulf's oil and other oil-rich regions of the World. The main objective of USA is to support India's quest for Great Power Status in regional and global politics. More important, the deal signifies US desire and ambitions to get a reliable and trustworthy ally in order to accomplish its geo-political and strategic interests in Indian Ocean, Persian Gulf, and to counterweight the growing influence of China (US' principal economic adversary) in the region.

The new cooperative framework aimed at making India a global power, at least the regional power to play a vital role in international politics. Collaboration between New Delhi and Washington, particularly, in the nuclear and space fields would disturb the conventional and non-conventional balance of power between India and Pakistan. The nuclear deal will further enhance Indian capability to have pre-emptive attack against Pakistan. …

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