Academic journal article Studies in Literature and Language

The Research on Blended Learning of ESL Based on Moodle Platform

Academic journal article Studies in Literature and Language

The Research on Blended Learning of ESL Based on Moodle Platform

Article excerpt


The thesis puts forward a blending way of learning ESL based on platform. Blended learning integrates the ESL courses with the educational technologies and combines the advantages of regular class learning and online learning. The author designs a mode of ESL learning on Moodle platform and suggests some activities of ESL blended learning.

Key words: Blended learning; ESL learner; Moodle Platform


Methods of teaching and means of learning have undergone profound changes due to the development of information technology, especially the advancement of computer network technology. The access to information, together with the dissemination and application of information, has caused tremendous and various changes. Learners can have access to computers and internet to obtain knowledge without the limitation of time and space, which make them have more autonomy and flexibility to choose the content and ways of learning. In this case, the traditional teacher-centered means of teaching is facing new challenges. Meanwhile, the richness and sharing of online resources endow both the learners and their teachers with equivalent rights to obtain knowledge and conduct online communication, which can give full play to the initiative of the students involved in the teaching process, help to stimulate students' innovative consciousness and conduce to the formation of a new teacher-student relationship of equality and mutual assistance. The blending thoughts and ways of teaching and learning can combine the advantages of the traditional models of teaching and the ways of information technology assisted teaching, and achieve the integration of courses and educational technology.


1.1 What Is Blended Learning?

A blended learning is an integration of online learning and regular class learning. Until now, there's no consensus on how it is defined and different terms, such as "blended", "mixed-mode" and "hybrid", are used. Some researchers define the blended learning as follows:

Dziuban, Hartman and Moskal (2004) say "Blended learning should be viewed as a pedagogical approach that combines the effectiveness and socialization opportunities of the classroom with the technologically enhanced active learning possibilities of the online environment, rather than a ratio of delivery modalities. In other words, blended learning should be approached not merely as a temporal construct, but rather as a fundamental redesign of the instructional model with the following characteristics:

* A shiftfrom lecture- to student-centered instruction in which students become active and interactive learners (this shiftshould apply to the entire course, including face-to-face contact sessions);

* Increases in interaction between student-instructor, student-student, student-content, and student-outside resources;

* Integrated formative and summative assessment mechanisms for students and instructor.

Kekang He (2004) thinks that the blended learning is a combination of the advantages of traditional way of learning and E-learning, which makes the instructors play the role of instruction, enlightenment and monitoring and fully embody students' initiatives, enthusiasm and creativity as the main stream of the learning process. He's idea stresses the roles of instructors and students in the course of learning and teaching. Jiahou Li (2007) defines blended learning as optimization selection and combination of all the teaching elements which aim to achieve the teaching aims. Li thinks the blended learning is supposed to require the instructors and students to apply various teaching methods, modes, strategies, media and technologies skillfully to the course of teaching and learning, resulting in an artistic realm.

The blended learning is an optimization combination which aims to include the positive aspects of face-to-face learning and online learning. …

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