The European Council is the organization in which all European countries that adhere to democratic ideals can find themselves to jointly examine any European matter. The more important political, economic and social events in Europe's life are the object of thorough discussions within the European Council. About these matters, the Council adopts different acts. Within this activity of drawing up and adopting by member states of the Council of numerous international conventions resides the legislative, international, function of the Council. The conventions adopted under the aegis of the Council only bring together the member states which have accepted them, through ratification or in holding by them. During its existence, the European Council has had a prodigious activity, especially in what concerns the adoption of extremely important documents. Thus, over 150 European conventions and treaties have been adopted.
These instruments, mandatory for the member states, are made whole by an ensemble of recommendations which express the will of the member state to cooperate in a fruitful manner to find solutions for the great collaboration problems with which over 400 million Europeans are confronted.
Keywords: progressive institutional process, supranational structures, economic solidarity, common institutional system, systematic cooperation, Schengen Agreement.
1. GENERAL PRESENTATION
The creation of the European Union was an aggressive institutional process, being the result of the concerted efforts of western democracies, in the wish of an authentic socio-economic and political integration. The idea of a united Europe was not a new desideratum; promoted by the League of Nations, a beginning in this sense was marked by the appearance, in 1949, of the European Council, by the common will of ten countries (Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden). It played a part mainly in the social and cultural field, and not in the economic one. On a military level, an important moment was marked by the setting up of the Western European Union-U.E.O, through the signing, on 17 March, 1948, of The Treaty of Brussels, (modified through the Paris Accords of 23 October, 1954), which contained the provision for mutual military assistance in case of aggression by a member state.
Quite consistent was also the American intercession, through the launch of the Marshall Plan1 to help the European countries which were in deep water after the war (context in which we must also refer to the founding of the Organization for European Economic Co-operation-O.E.C.E. on 16 April, 1948, conceived as a structure which would continue the objectives proposed by the Marshall Plan) or on a political and military level, with the establishment of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation-N.A.T.O. after the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April, 1949.
In response, the socialist countries in Central and Eastern Europe, under the political and economic influence of the U.S.S.R, laid the basis of similar international structures of economic cooperation-the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance-C.A.E.R. in January, 1949, and of military cooperation, by signing the Warsaw Pact on 14 May 1955. As a result of the elimination of communist regimes in member states and the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the international organisations mentioned before became history, being dissolved in 1991.
One important, transient, episode in the forming process of the European Union was the establishment of the three European Communities within which the cooperation between member states was meant to be more efficient than the one allowed by the international organisations mentioned previously.
2. THE PARIS TREATY
Knowing the role that the coal and steel industry have played in triggering world conflicts and trying to pacify the French and German interests in the economic field, Jean Monnet (high commissioner for the modernisation and equipment of France) proposes to govern the market sector comprising coal and steel through a supranational structure. …