Academic journal article Asia - Pacific Science and Culture Journal

Discussion about Object of Supervision to Cyberspace by Public Opinions in the Chinese New Century: Basing on Ethical and Moral Principles of Internet Media

Academic journal article Asia - Pacific Science and Culture Journal

Discussion about Object of Supervision to Cyberspace by Public Opinions in the Chinese New Century: Basing on Ethical and Moral Principles of Internet Media

Article excerpt

Keywords: Internet media; Relation; Ethical and moral principles; Supervision by public opinions; Object

Abstract: The rapid development of internet media makes internet media itself play a big role in national politics and change social culture profoundly. However, at the same time, it makes supervision by public opinions to the media difficult, which goes a step further to make legislation and nomocracy of internet media difficult. At the present stage several relations should be paid attention to for building code of Chinese internet media. Upon foundation of the several relations code of Chinese internet media should be refined according to concrete ethical and moral principles of internet media, and the main object of supervision by public opinions to internet media in the new century should be well-defined.

Development of internet media is at full speed. The big leap from on-line tabloid to on-line video news and from weblog to podcast and micro-blogging seems just in a flash. A little advancement of computer networking and internet technology is enough to trigger earthshaking reform in internet cyberspace. And while internet ceaselessly content requirements of its intermediary audience in degree, supervision and management to the media by public opinions also seems more and more difficult.

Firstly, internet media can make a big difference in social politics. It's well known that internet media gestates liberal sense of worth and advances forming of a heightened awareness of globalization. But at the same time, American politician Samuel P. Huntington use largish space in his work "Political Order in Changing Societies" to expound the reason why developing countries must control political participation. He use the formula "political participation/political system=political turmoil"[1] to illustrate that, as political system isn't matured enough, uncontrolled political participation cannot but leads political turmoil, and his formula just reflect the anxious contradiction between intermediary audiences' political participation and internet media's political system in nowadays cyber age.

Chinese scholar Liu Wen-fu consider in his work "Cyberpolitics" that features of intermediary audiences' political participation could be reduced as following [2]:

(1) Immediacy: "Democratic system nowadays is a type of representative system in which 'representatives' elected by citizen answer for participating in government and political affairs and discussing affairs of government. However, for cyberpolitics, anybody doesn't need others to represent self, and they can deliver themselves of their political opinion directly and vote on government bill".

(2) Equality: "Everyone have equal rights to participate in political affairs and discuss affairs of government, and as for this type of right there should be no differences among everyone".

(3) Convenience: "Series of matters in connection with polity such as news about the happening of political events, your opinions, attitudes of statesmen, government policies and voting results, are travelling at the speed of light on the internet. So to be equivalent to that politics become very swift".

(4) Cheap: "Comparing to expenses of homothetic servings supplied by commercial telecommunication corporations, operating expenses of internet is on the low side".

So "internet poses a great threat to order of national politics and political stability" [3].

Secondly, internet media has changed not only lifeway, work pattern and accepting mode of media content of general public deeply, but also nearly all aspects of the whole society. Just because the operating of internet media is closely connected with general public, bad content in the media has a straightly and strongly adverse impact on general public and the whole society.

Lastly, internet media makes traditional conception of national sovereignty which is closely connected with geography weaken, which makes national sovereignty less and less be influenced by geographical border, so "accordingly, power space of national sovereignty will not only be confined to territory, territorial waters and airspace, but also include cyberspace necessarily. …

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