Academic journal article Journal of Economic and Social Studies

The Effects of Locus of Control on Learning Performance: A Case of an Academic Organization

Academic journal article Journal of Economic and Social Studies

The Effects of Locus of Control on Learning Performance: A Case of an Academic Organization

Article excerpt


In the globalizing and changing world, organizations need to adapt to new environmental conditions. To be successful in these new conditions, organizations need to create value for their customers. In our case that would be the students. It is important for the organizations to appreciate their students to have better position than rivals. In order to acquire the information, produce and distinguish it in the organizations, information is required to be organized according to the needs of the students, adopted, and evaluated by the organization. At this point, organizational learning has a considerable effect on increasing the success of the organizations.

Rotter (1966) defines the locus of control, in his Social Learning Theory, as the reinforcements which are basic markers of individual's attitudes in the long term. The concept of locus of control has an essential place in literature in helping students who have difficulty in learning and attitude. Locus of control is one of the vital concepts in the context of learning difficulty and attitude change. This concept covers the idea that individuals, throughout their lives, analyse the events as their attitudes or they believe that those events result from chance, fate or outside forces (Erdogan, 2003). Rotter (1966), in his study regarding Social Learning Theory, ascertains that some students display the prizes or reinforcements gained as a result of their knowledge and abilities while some other students display the forces out of their control. Rotter (1966), basing on his study, expresses the situations in which reinforcements occur according to the attitudes of the individuals as individuals' locus of control. Whereas he assesses the situations, after which reinforcements occur out of the individuals' attitudes, as the individuals' external locus of control.

Internal or external locus of control plays an important role for students to sustain the efficacy and usefulness of learning performance. The knowledge and experiences gained by the students by means of organizational learning are a vital factor in increasing student performance. In this context, it is necessary for organizations to fulfil learning function in an arrangement and to use this function oriented to the improvement of the students. This study determines whether University students have the internal or external locus of control; furthermore, which locus of control they possess in the learning period. To sum up, it will be observed what kind of an effect locus of control has on learning performance. For these reasons, the issues of locus of control (internal-external) and learning performance have been given place in this study.

In this research, it is tried to answer the research questions as stated below. These questions have been designed to describe the relationships between locus of control and learning performance. These questions are as in the following;

Research Question 1: What are the factors of participants' learning processes?

Research Question 2: Is there any difference between demographic groups and learning factors' means?

Research Question 3: Is there any relationship between learning factors' means and locus of control (internal and external factors)?

Literature Review

Locus of control refers to one's belief in his or her abilities to control life events (Strauser, 2002). In other words, locus of control is defined as one's thoughts of his/her belief that his/her own power or forces out of his/her control are influential in any positive or negative situation occurring during his/her life (Sardogan, 2006). The belief of locus of control is related to what reinforcements have happened throughout the individuals' lives, namely the results, prizes, their success or failures, refer to. These attributions refer not only to chance, fate, and powerful people out of one's control, but also to the results of his/her own attitudes (Basim and Sesen, 2006). …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed


An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.