Academic journal article International Journal of Education

Peer Pressure and Socioeconomic Status as Predictors of Student's Attitude to Examination Malpractice in Nigeria

Academic journal article International Journal of Education

Peer Pressure and Socioeconomic Status as Predictors of Student's Attitude to Examination Malpractice in Nigeria

Article excerpt


Examination malpractice has remained a serious challenge to public examinations. The paper examined the influence of peer pressure and socioeconomic status and student's attitude toward examination malpractice. A survey design was employed using a sample size of 1000 Junior Secondary two students. Questionnaire was used to elicit the right responses on peer pressure and students attitude toward examination malpractice. Simple regression statistics was also used to establish the influence of peer pressure on students' attitude towards examination malpractice. The result showed that peer pressure significantly predicts students' attitude to examination malpractice. The paper suggested some measures counsellors can use to reduce influence of peer pressure on students' attitude toward examination malpractice.

Keywords: peer pressure; socio economic status; attitude to examination malpractice

1. Introduction

Recently, the degree of secondary school students' involvement in examination malpractice has become increasingly alarming, problematic and threatening to the well-being of Nigeria educational system (Judy and Nelson, 2002). Edukugho (2006) describes conduct of examination in secondary education in Nigeria as a huge mockery of the whole exercise. He further stressed on some factors not making the conduct of examination worthwhile as massive leakage of question paper, reckless impersonation in the examination centre, machineries hired by registered students to write examination for them, desperation of school proprietors, unethical method to cheat, bribing examination officials, parents buying leaked 'live' papers in advance for their child before the commencement of the examination and a host of others. Parents go to the extent of bribing their way to ensure their ward get unearned grade while teachers encourages examination malpractices is because they lack the zeal to work but want to be praised for job not done (Olushola, 2006).

Ibukun and Oyewole (2011), examine examination malpractices in Nigerian schools: environmental influences and management strategies and found that examination malpractices is one of the greatest social menace and canker worms that has eaten deep into Nigeria Educational system. The growing rate of this academic dishonesty and fraudulence is alarming. They citing the daily time of Nigeria July4, 1995 listed various forms of examination dishonesty to include: various form of collusion, spying, mutual exchange of materials, impersonation, assault of invigilators and hiring of thugs to disrupt examinations etc.

They claim that examination supervision is today a hazardous assignment in Nigeria measures of curbing this ill in the society were also suggested by them as follows:

(1) There should be consistent and higher investment and funding of the educational system.

(2) Provision of material resources and equipment in all schools etc.

Similarly, Abdulrazaq and Aminullahi (2008) found that examination malpractice is one of the greatest problems undermining the foundation of educational practice in Nigeria. They further stated that the magnitude of the problem and the dangers of the phenomenon have been identified by stake holders as national malady that required drastic solution. Examinations and standards, an arm of the Delta State Ministry of Education has this to say about the conduct of both internal and external examinations in Nigeria educational system: ''so examination fraud has become the order of the day in the school with the active support of a virile adult population.

For many years we have resigned to fate and allowed it to take a firm hold on our school system, and we managed to continue to produce graduates at different academic levels albeit half-baked. The virtue of hard work and diligence as emphasised in the National policy on education as respect for dignity of labour as means of achieving success (NPE, 2008) is dead and kept in the mortuary. …

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