Academic journal article International Journal of Education

Role Ability among the Middle Class Principals (Khargone (M.P.) India)

Academic journal article International Journal of Education

Role Ability among the Middle Class Principals (Khargone (M.P.) India)

Article excerpt

Abstract

Role ability is an influencive self-regulatory mechanism for enhancing the effectiveness of a person in a particular role. Present study aimed to investigate the level of various aspects of role ability among the principals of secondary schools with reference to their sex and school locale. The study was conducted on 100 school principals of Khargone district (M.P.) It was found that although, in general, the level of role ability among the principals is high; there are few aspects which need to be improved upon. Few measures to be adopted by principals and the administrators have also been suggested.

Keywords: role ability among the middle class principals; ability among the middle class principals

1. Introduction

Principal is the kingpin of any institution. He/she is the person who is responsible for the attainment of the goals of that institution, may it be in the form of effective planning or the successful implementation or the development of a healthy organizational climate. He / she is the change agent who transforms the teaching and learning culture of the institution. It is very necessary that these key functionaries, who play the role of leaders and change agents, must rely on their own strengths to cope with problems mostly by themselves and sometimes by taking help of other people, and must show positive and approach behavior.

Effective performance of any person working in an organization deepens on his own potential effectiveness as a person, his/her technical competence, his/her previous experience, etc. Here, one more factor becomes important due to its motivating nature - his/her own perceptions regarding his/her compatibility with the designing of the role performed by her. In psychological terms, his factor is called role ability which is an influence self-regulatory mechanism for enhancing the effectiveness.

Role Ability: The concept

Role Ability is to be considered as potential effectiveness of an individual occupying a particular role in an organization. If he feels that his role allows him to use his competence and he is well-integrated with his role, he is likely to be effective in his role. The integration between the two may be on various dimensions and in different ways. According to Pareek (1987), there are following three main dimensions of role ability each one consisting of several aspects -

'Role Making' (contrasted with role taking) which is an active attitude towards the role. It involves active participation by the role occupant to define her role - the priorities in her functions, the ways in which she would achieve them, and the ways of becoming effective in her role. Four aspects are included in this dimension :

(a) Self-role Integration - enjoying the role and thinking that it is according to liking, training and aptitude.

(b) Proactively-taking initiative in his/her role.

(c) Creativity - innovating, or trying and doing new things.

(d) Confrontation - confronting and solving conflicts or problems.

'Role centering' (contrasted with role entering) which is concerned with increasing the power of the role. A role occupant can feel that his/her role is very important and can take steps to make it important by increasing his/her influence. One way to increase is to gain more knowledge and skills. This process is called centering (making the role central). This dimension includes three aspects:

(a) Centrality - perceiving importance.

(b) Influence - exercising influence for making her advice as accepted.

(c ) Personal growth - perceiving the role as providing opportunities for personal growth.

'Role Linking' (Contrasted with role shrinking) which extends the relationships of the role with other roles and groups. A role can have extensions which link it with other roles in terms of interaction, as well as in helping relationship. This dimension includes three aspects :

(a) Inter Role Linkage - working or interacting with other roles, working in groups consisting of others. …

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