Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

On Some Linguistic Means of Formation of Space Continuum in English Literary Text

Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

On Some Linguistic Means of Formation of Space Continuum in English Literary Text

Article excerpt

Abstract

This article deals with the problem of space continuum and the means of its realization in a text. The structure of different sentences, the specific features of adverbs, adverbial modifiers, and words having space meaning, their function in the sentence is also explained here .These specific features are explained on the samples belonging to belle-letters style.

Keywords: continuum, space meaning, literary text, linguistic means, category of time, category of place, micro text, analysis

1. Introduction

In a literary text, time continuum (Galperin, 1981) can be expressed both with the help of linguistic means and in the implicit form, whereas space continuum (Galperin, 1981) is expressed only in the explicit form i.e., with the help of linguistic means. Separate sentences, a micro text, a group of micro texts organizing independent fragments participate in the process of formation of space continuum. Thus, subtle difference between time and space continuum consists of the following; the organization of space continuum (both in contact and in distant variant) is realized by the use of relevant linguistic means. To describe the matter of investigation properly, descriptive, comparative methods are used in the article. However, The main forms of existence in Philosophy are considered to be the categories of time and place. The Universality and commonness of time and place show themselves in the fact that they are inseparable.

Time expresses the existence of the continuum of the events, substituting one another, but space expresses the location, order of distribution of objects which exist at the same time.

According to the philosophical view points, time cannot go back, i.e., each substantial process, goes forward in development from the past towards future. As movement indicates the external correlations of time and space with materia, it is considered that movement establishes the essence of time and space, and thus materia, movement, time and space are in unity (inseparable from one another) (Aronov, 1972). Also, the fact "time, in comparison with space, is a more abstract category" is stressed by some linguists. (Lyons, 1971).

If we speak of the concept that the time cannot go back, then in the cases of correlation of old times with present time, there arises a necessity to accept the matter of bringing old times to the present time and vivifying them in a literary text. However, the analysis of time continuum in a literary text showed that, despite philosophy retrospection in the grammar of the text can be introduced in two orientations.

In one of the cases, an event and description of occurrence taking place at the present time temporarily are brought to stand still and the reader is brought back to the old time and, by joining the stagnation of the events and, finding their reflections in a literary text; actually, the reader makes an episodic tour to the past.

However, in the second case, the main part of the literary piece is devoted to the description of the events which take place in the past, and the reader episodically is brought back to the present time, to the period of the writer (unless this fact takes place at the end of the literary piece, then the reader again joins the old time). Thus variation of time conception in a literary text is being realized.

As time and space are inseparable from each-other, like materia and movement, in a literary text, space variation is also manifested by bringing time to somewhere and vice-versa, i.e., from somewhere.

Space changes (in other words space continuum) are differentiated for the purpose of learning from the time only the specific features of their substitution variations, its tender establishment ways.

The following viewpoints are also looked through in the analysis of time and space continuum: "If sentences indicate different objects, then two types of attitudes appear among them: radiation and concatenation. …

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