Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

The Relationship between the Levels of Alienation of the Education Faculty Students and Their Attitudes towards the Teaching Profession

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

The Relationship between the Levels of Alienation of the Education Faculty Students and Their Attitudes towards the Teaching Profession

Article excerpt

Abstract

It was intended in this study to ascertain the relationship between the levels of alienation of the education faculty students, and their attitudes towards the teaching profession. The sample of the research was composed of the 875 students appointed via simple random sampling out of the total population of 2600 of the Education Faculty of Adiyaman University. "Personal Information Form", "Student Alienation Scale", and "Scale of Attitude towards Teaching Profession" were used so as to collect respective data. In the data analysis, t-test for independent groups was conducted so as to determine whether the alienation levels and the attitudes towards the teaching profession varied according to the variables of gender and mode of teaching, while One-Way Analysis of Variance was performed so as to determine whether there was any differentiation according to the variables of program type and class, and Tukey HSD test was computed so as to determine the source of the intergroup difference. Regression analysis was used in order to determine the level of the relationship between the levels of alienation and the attitudes towards the teaching profession. Out of the obtained findings, it was seen that the students ex- perienced a medium level of alienation, while their attitudes towards the teaching profession were at a high level. In the two dimensions, according to the variables of gender and class, meaningful differences were only seen at the level of alienation in view of the variable of the mode of teaching, and the same was seen at the dimension of attitudes towards the teaching profession in view of the program type variable. Meanwhile, a medium level of negative relationship was found between the level of alienation and the attitudes towards the teaching profession.

Key Words

Alienation, Teaching Education, Attitude, Education Faculty Students.

Education is one of the fields which are influenced by the alienation the most. Alienation is evident especially in the secondary education and higher education (Tezcan, 1997). Studies addressing the concept of alienation are grouped around two different approaches in general. While the Marxist view, which treats alienation as a social and historical process, and uses it in explaining the position of the working class within capitalist society, represents the sociological approach, while the second approach, relying on the existentialist thought, which describes the alienation as an inevitable part of the human life, represents the psychological approach (Mann, 2001). Alienation may be defined from various points of view either as a disconnection in a desired or expected relationship (Case, 2008), the distrust being felt by the individual towards other people and society, and the feelings of powerlessness, senselessness, normlessness, isolation, and self-alienation being stirred in the individual due to social, institutional, or interpersonal problems (Seeman, 1959), mans break-away from its own self, from its own product, from its natural and social environment, and coming under the domination of all the aforesaid (Tolan, 1981).

Alienation in education, on the other hand, is de- fined as the individuals' alienating themselves from knowledge, learning, from any process related with learning, these processes' becoming ever-in- creasingly meaningless in view of the individuals, lack of interest towards the learning process, and learning process' becoming gradually dull and unpleasant (Sidorkin, 2000). Although the studies related with alienation have resized the concept in different forms, a concept of alienation with four dimensions, namely as powerlessness, normless- ness, isolation, and meaninglessness, are more like- ly to be applicable for the educational organizations (Brown, Higgins, & Paulsen, 2003; Holcomb-Mc- Coy, 2004; Mau, 1992; Sanberk, 2003).

Powerlessness describes the conditions, under which the individual lacks any control over not only his/ her own product, but also over the outputs of the instruments he/she has used in this process. …

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