Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Trends in Turkish Education Studies

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Trends in Turkish Education Studies

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine trends in the subject areas, methods, data collection tools, data analysis methods, and sample types used in recent studies on Turkish education, published in journals from 2000-201 1. A total of 558 articles from UU journals were selected from databases by the purposive sampling method and examined using the "Turkish Education Publication Classification Form" (TEPCF). The method used in the study was content analysis. The data was analysed using the SPSS 16.0 program. The findings were that "survey" studies were the most common with regard to method, "quantitative research" methods were most commonly used, data were mostly gathered by "document and questionnaire," and "descriptive analysis" was the most commonly used data analysis method. Also, "Elementary school" students were the most commonly used sample group, the sizes of samples most commonly ranged between 31-100 participants, and "conveni- ence sampli ng" was the most common sampling technique. Regarding Turkish education research areas, stud- ies with titles referring to "mixed skills areas" which covered more than one skill and studies on "reading education" formed the majority.

Key Words

Turkish Education, Turkish Education Studies, Research Trends, Content Analysis.

It is a known fact that Turkish academic publications on Turkish education are relatively new (Güzel, 2003). However, studies on language education and teaching are regularly published. There is a variety of research subjects in the field, and so it is useful for scholars working in specific areas to understand the broader literature. For this purpose, the methods used in these studies can be analysed collectively. Inadequate trend analysis studies for the area of Turkish education research exist at present: The very specialized study of Çahin (2010), which specifically examined trends in graduate theses that focused on reading education among elementary school first-grade students, and the trend analysis study of Co§kun, Ôzçakmak, and Balci (2012).

In other areas of education, many general trends studies have been conducted by means of meta- analysis and content analysis methods. For example, Sözbilir and Kutu (2008) examined articles published in Turkey on science education; Çalik, Ünal, Co§tu, and Karata^ (2008) examined theses on science education in Turkey; Incekara (2009) examined geography education studies in Turkey; Uluta§ and Ubuz (2008) examined math education studies; Karadag (2009) examined doctorate theses on education science in Turkey; Gökta§, Hasançebi et al. (2012) examined studies in Turkish education journals indexed in SSCI and ULAKBÍM databases; Arik and Turkmen (2009) examined articles in journals on education that were published in Turkey and were indexed in SSCI; Yalçin, Bilican, Kezer, and Yalçin (2009) examined articles that were published in the Hacettepe University Journal of Education; Yildiz (2004) examined graduate theses submitted to Bogaziçi University and Ankara University from 1978-2001; Gökta§, Kûçiik et al. (2012) examined education technology studies in Turkish journals, which were indexed in the SSCI database; $im§ek et al. (2009) examined Masters theses on education technology; $im§ek et al. (2008) examined doctorate theses on education technology submitted to four universities in Turkey (Anadolu, Ortadogu Teknik, Hacettepe, and Marmara Universities); Erdogmu§ and Çagiltay (2009) examined Turkish Masters and doctorate theses on computer and education technologies; and Uzunboylu and Ôzçinar (2009) examined studies on computer assisted language teaching published between 1990-2008.

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to determine the methodological trends in Turkish education studies published from 2000-2011. The survey covered 44 journals that are indexed in the SSCI and ULAKBIM Social Sciences databases in Turkey. The research questions that guided the study were:

1- Where have Turkish education studies been published? …

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