Academic journal article Journal of Management and Public Policy

Knowledge Production & Dissemination: An Analysis in the Context of the National Youth Policy

Academic journal article Journal of Management and Public Policy

Knowledge Production & Dissemination: An Analysis in the Context of the National Youth Policy

Article excerpt

Introduction and Background

In every society's growth, developmental institutions - whether it be Plato's Academy or traditional universities, such as the Nalanda and the Takshashila or Taxila - played a great role. The exercise of knowledge production and dissemination was considered pivotal in advancing the society. The institutional context has undergone dramatic changes in modern societies. The role played by development institutions in understanding how societies acquire and adapt knowledge and thus placing knowledge at the centre of development has led to paradigm changes in development process. The duty of every development institution is to place knowledge at the centre of development and disseminating the same in such a way that it is easily accessible by underprivileged sections in the society, because it is the poor and the underprivileged who suffer a lot when they fail to acquire and use information in their lives. In today's society, the gap between the poor and the rich is widened by information as it is easier for the rich to gain knowledge than it is for the poor. The growing literature of World Bank Publications rightly points out that in order to attack poverty, the window of learning should be opened to the poor. To tackle such issues, policy frameworks, which are formulated by governments and adapted by development institutions, mainly focus on minimizing vulnerability and decreasing poverty through expansion of knowledge, the foundation of development. The basic purpose of knowledge dissemination through development institutions is the upliftment of vulnerable sections of the society who lack accessibility to knowledge.

Policy as a Tool for Knowledge Production and Dissemination

Policies are imperative for growth and development. Policies are created, disseminated, updated, and enforced for development of an organization, a community, or a country. A policy at the government level is a vision document that also deals with plan of action for knowledge dissemination. Public policies objective is to achieve a desired goal that is considered to be in the best interest of all the members in a society (Torjman, 2005: 4). A public policy is a document that shows inherent commitment of government and is a planning guide directing a country's development. The overall aim of public policy is to improve services available to all and to provide an easily accessible source of information, advice, and guidance to the citizens. Development institution's role is to disseminate such information so that it is accessible to all sections of the society. It is considered to be an effective medium to provide equal access to the disadvantaged and the excluded groups. Thus, it is a kind of knowledge dissemination through government policies. It is also the fastest and the best available strategy for knowledge production and knowledge dissemination since it has far reaching effects through public involvement.

This paper focuses on the National Youth Policy (NYP) 2003 and the subsequent exposure draft of NYP 2012. The reasons for considering the youth policy is that it serves the purpose of developing youth in various socio-economic and cultural spheres and encourages the involvement of development institutions in preparing the young people to tap the growing stock of global knowledge and assimilating and adapting it to local needs. There has been an increasing concern about the youth population all over the world and especially in the Asian countries in view of their numerical importance and growing problems of development and welfare. In many Asian countries, youth population had doubled in the 40 years between 1960 and 2000 and this has accelerated the pressure on many services - education, employment, health, and so on (Saraswathi 2008).

To address these issues NYP 2003 stresses that the youth of the country should enjoy greater participation in the processes of decision making and execution at local and higher levels. …

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