Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Urban Competitiveness and Public Housing

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Urban Competitiveness and Public Housing

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to link the security housing with urban competitiveness improvement, this is the new trend of the current housing reform field. It is proposed that under new development situation, we should change the traditional concept of housing security, establish a modern concept of housing security, combine public housing with enhancing the competitiveness of city, through the establishment of various policy systems, make use of market mechanisms to resolve the housing problem by way of development. Do a good job in public housing, can contribute to the competitiveness of the city, thus achieve mutual promotion between the two. We must establish the modern concept of housing security, swift from the traditional focus on welfare to pay attention to social benefits, combine the development of public housing with urban competitiveness.

Keywords: urban competitiveness, public housing, housing policy

Urban competitiveness is the new issue of urban management rising in foreign countries in recent years, and the study of urban competitiveness put forward higher requirements for city managers in terms of knowledge level and ability. Since the 1980s, researches on urban competition and urban competitiveness have been attracting close attention of foreign scholars and policy-makers. There are quite a number of research institutions in the United States specializing in the study of "urban competitiveness the United Kingdom issued a series of "white papers" on the issue of urban competitiveness in the 1990s; in recent years, OECD has also made relevant reports on urban competitiveness, especially the impact of "new economy", "new industry" on the the city competitiveness. Domestic scholars also began the city competitive researches in the late 20th century. Past studies focused on the analysis of industrial economics, with few discussion and probe into the role played by urban infrastructure represented by public housing in the city competitiveness.

1. Analysis of the Key Elements of Urban Competitiveness

Urban competitiveness is the vitality of the city development. The competitiveness was first proposed in business management. The World Economic Forum (WEF) put forward the concept of competitiveness in Report on Competitiveness Capacity for the first time. Enterprise competitiveness refers to "At present and in the future in their respective environment, the capacity and opportunity that enterprises own to carry out the design, production and sale of goods and services and opportunities with more attractive price and quality, than their domestic and foreign competitors." Up to today, the concept of competitiveness has been widely used in various fields, especially in the urban competitiveness.

The economist Professor Iain Begg attempted to divide factors influencing urban economic behavior into different competitive factors. As it can be seen from Figure 1, the advantage of Professor Iain Begg's urban competitiveness model lies in the finding that the ultimate goal of city operation is to improve the standard living of urban residents. However, the competitive advantage of a city should not only reflected in the economic operation of the city, should also be reflected in the social and environmental aspects, because the city itself is not a closed system, you must also consider the impact of external factors on the city system.

It is not difficult to find, urban competitiveness is determined not only by the city's industry, competitive enviromnent nurturing and coordination of the competitive process are also the key to success. The urban government should nurture or improve the "hardware" and "software" enviromnent of competition, in order to promote the improvement of the city's competitiveness. Public housing plays a vital role in improving the standard of living of urban residents. Below we explore the relationship of city competitiveness and public housing.

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