Academic journal article Journal of Behavioural Sciences

Translation and Validation of Spence Child Anxiety Scale - Parent Version (SCAS-P)

Academic journal article Journal of Behavioural Sciences

Translation and Validation of Spence Child Anxiety Scale - Parent Version (SCAS-P)

Article excerpt

Children with behaviour disorders are at increased risk for manifesting variety of other behaviour disorders and adjustment problems. These include various internalizing disorders, such as anxiety `and depressive disorders and somatization disorder (e.g., Loeber & Keenan, 1994); substance abuse disorders; psychopathy (Frick, O'Brien, Wootton, & McBurnett, 1994); and academic underachievement (Hinshaw, 1992). Most generally anxiety is a vague unpleasant emotional state with qualities of apprehension, dread, distress and uneasiness (Reber, 1995). Separation Anxiety Disorder is excessive anxiety concerning separation from the home or from those to whom the person is attached (DSM-IV; APA, 1994). Social Phobia is fear of unfamiliar people or social security (Kring, Johnson, Davison, & Neale, 2010). Social Phobia is characterized by clinically significant anxiety provoked by exposure to certain types of social and performance situations, often leading to avoidance behaviour (DSM-IV; APA, 1994). Generalized Anxiety Disorder is uncontrollable worry for at least six months (Kring et al., 2010). Whereas, Panic/Agoraphobia is anxiety about recurrent panic attacks; sometimes accompanied by agoraphobia, a fear of being in place where panic attacks could occur (Kring et al., 2010).

Obsessions are uncontrollable thoughts, impulses or images (Kring et al., 2010). Obsessive compulsive disorder is characterized by obsessions (which cause marked anxiety or distress) and/or by compulsions (which serve to neutralize anxiety) (DSM-IV; APA, 1994).

In the present study SCAS-P (Spence, 1999) has been used for the assessment of anxiety in children with disruptive behaviour disorders. Subscales of SCAS-P measure Separation Anxiety Disorder, Social Phobia, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic/Agoraphobia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and Physical Injury Fears. SCAS-P provides an overall measure of anxiety together with scores on six sub-scales, each exploring a specific aspect of child anxiety.

Objectives

Present Study was designed with the following objectives:

1. To translate Spence Child Anxiety Scale (SCAS-P) (Parent Version) (Spence, 1999) into Urdu language.

2. To determine psychometric properties of SCAS-P.

3. To carry out convergent validation of SCAS-P subscales i.e, (Separation Anxiety Disorder, Social Phobia, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and Physical Injury fears) with CBCL DSM Oriented Scales i.e., Anxiety Problems, Affect Problem, and Somatic Problems.

4. To carry out convergent validation of SCAS-P subscales (Separation Anxiety Disorder, Social Phobia, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and Physical Injury fears) with CBCL syndrome scales i.e., Anxious Depressed, Withdrawn Depressed, Somatic Problems and Internalizing Problems).

5. To carry out discriminant validation of SCAS-P subscales (Separation Anxiety Disorder, Social Phobia, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and Physical Injury fears) with CBCL syndrome scales i.e., Rule breaking behaviour, Aggressive behaviour subscales of Externalizing Problems subscale).

Procedure of the Translation

Translation consisted of following phases.

Phase I: Translation of Spence Child Anxiety Scale (Parent Version) (Spence, 1999) into Urdu language.

Phase II: Selection of best translated items in Urdu Language by Committee of experts.

Phase III: Back translation of Urdu translated Spence Child Anxiety Scale SCAS-P (Parent Version) (Spence, 1999).

Phase IV: Evaluation of Back translated items and fmalization of most appropriate translated items into Urdu language by committee of experts.

Phase V: Determination of psychometric properties of Spence Child Anxiety Scale (SCAS-P: Urdu version) (Spence, 1999).

Details of the five phases are mentioned in the subsequent section.

Phase I: Translation of Spence Child Anxiety Scale (Parent Version) (Spence, 1999) into Urdu language. …

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