Academic journal article European Journal of Sustainable Development

Perceptions of Human Resource Management Effectiveness of Ekiti State Teaching Service Commission, Nigeria

Academic journal article European Journal of Sustainable Development

Perceptions of Human Resource Management Effectiveness of Ekiti State Teaching Service Commission, Nigeria

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

Considerable attention has recently been drawn to the need for effective management in both public and private sectors. This growing interest and concern about effective management by itself has been the result of fear or failure and disillusionment about competence in the public service. Consequently, there is increased emphasis on proper understanding of what management is and what can produce effective management. Management is defined as a process by which a cooperative group directs actions towards common goals (Massie, 1997). In essence, there are special groups of people whose job is to direct the efforts and activities of other people towards common objective.

The Teaching Service Commission is one of Ekiti State's parastatals under the supervision of Ministry of Education, charged with the management and administration of the Unified Teaching Service (UTS) at the secondary school level in the state. Invariably, personnel management became its foremost responsibility. The personnel functions include:

(i) Appointment, postings, transfers, promotion, dismissal and enforcing disciplinary control over secondary school teachers and other staff of the Commission.

(ii) Compilation and maintenance of teachers records including registration of teachers.

(ill) Salary administration and payment of other allowances to teachers and officials of the Commission.

The Commission established in October, 1996 following the creation of Ekiti State from old Ondo State had undergone several changes, sharing authority with the field officers of the Ministry of Education in a bid to have effective management of human resources especially the teaching personnel.

Discussing what can produce effective management, McGregor (1960) emphasized that high degree of participation by employees is necessary in order to encourage the growth of the subordinates and their ability to accept responsibilities. However, he went further to indicate that suitability of such participation depends on the attitudes and past experience of the subordinates and the manager's skill. Adesina (1990) observed management as the organization and mobilization of all human and material resources in a particular system for the achievement of identified objective. The two key words are 'human' and 'material'. The human resource in the Teaching Service Commission for instance includes all the personnel in that system including principals and the teachers. The material resources within the system could be monetary and non-monetary. It is the responsibility of management that both human and material resources are organized and mobilized so that the objective of the system can be accomplished to the fullest.

The human resources available to management in an organization are only a fraction of resources which must be coordinated. It is through the combined efforts of people that monetary and material resources are utilized for organizational objectives; hence the effectiveness with which the organization functions depends to a large extent on how strongly each member of the organization is committed to the organizational objectives (Ejiogu 2002, Essen 2006, & Oyewole, 2009). This shows that commitment is the watchword of any leader who has a stake in the management of any organization or institution in order to accomplish the organizational goals.

However, production cannot take place without the staff to set the machines in motion. Ehiametalor (1988) observed that the ability of private educational institution to attract more clients will definitely depend on the caliber of staff employed to teach the subject. This underscore the facts that the quality of production is a function of the quality of staff, hence effective management of human resources is recognized as crucial function of any manager because it involves people who determine the success or failure of the organization. Besides, the managerial function of staffing involves effective recruitment, selection, placement, appraisal and development of people to occupy the roles in the organizational structure. …

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