Academic journal article Baltic Journal of Economics

An Evaluation of State-Level Strategies against Botnets in the Context of Cyber Conflicts

Academic journal article Baltic Journal of Economics

An Evaluation of State-Level Strategies against Botnets in the Context of Cyber Conflicts

Article excerpt

Keywords: cyber security, cyber attack, cyber weapon, strategy evaluation, DEMATEL method, botnets, taxonomy

Defended on November 19, 2012 at Estonian Business School.

The thesis is available digitally http://www.ebs.ee/ee/teadustoo-2/publikatsioonid/ebs-doktori/

Supervisor: Peeter Lorents (Ph.D, Professor), Estonian Business School, Estonia

Botnets, global networks of infected computers under the central control of a botnet master, have been around for decades, primarily as a means for cyber criminals to obtain money illegally While having been a nuisance in the past, botnets now pose a serious threat to the economies of most internet-dependent countries.

The cyber attacks against Estonia back in 2007 can be seen as a turning point in the attention States pay towards the question of cyber security. This is reflected in the dramatic increase of new or revised national cyber strategies, recognizing that threats originating from cyberspace represent a new form of threat to national security.

While the impact on Estonia was not as severe as commonly believed, it highlighted the increasing threat of politically motivated cyber attacks conducted by groups of people, as well as new ways nations are using cyberspace and such groups for their benefit. Botnets are one weapon of choice for such attacks.

The research presented in this dissertation focuses on the changing role of botnets as a major part of the new landscape of threats in the 21st century for private and public sectors alike, but from different standpoints. …

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