Evaluation method based on Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (K-K-T) optimization for social contribution of higher education is presented in this paper. By considering both direct and indirect contribution, a comprehensive evaluation model including social contribution to economy, science, technology and society is investigated. Evaluation metrics of the model are designed according to the contribution value and the contribution balance degree. The optimal solution to the model-driven objective function is obtained based on K-K-T optimization. The proposed model can be used as a quantitative evaluation scheme for the social contribution of higher education, and the associated results can be utilized as a reference for optimizing the resources and improving the social contribution of higher education.
Key words: K-K-T optimization; Higher education; Social contribution; Evaluation method
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The 21st century is the era of knowledge economy. In such a context, competitions among countries initially rely on the competition of talents and education, especially higher education. As an important part in knowledge industry, higher education plays a critical role in economy through transmitting and creating knowledge, developing science and technology, and cultivating excellent talents. The impact of higher education on economic growth, scientific and technological progress, and social development has received more and more attention. In addition, the associated research on higher education and its development has become one of the hot topics in the fields of education, economy, and social sciences.
In general, basic functionalities of higher education include education, scientific research, and social service, which can be interpreted as transmitting knowledge, creating knowledge and leveraging knowledge. On the one hand, the ultimate goal of creating and transmitting knowledge is to take advantage of knowledge. On the other hand, the ultimate goal of education and scientific research is to provide services to society and to contribute the society. Since its birth, higher education has made great contributions to the social development. Meanwhile, the contribution to the society reflects the value and meanings of higher education.
China takes rejuvenation of the nation through development of science, education and talents as the basic national policy. Thus, education is the basic approach to achieving this goal. As the highest level of education, higher education is playing an irreplaceable role in economic development, cultural construction, and social construction. Since the implementation of reform and opening up, China has constantly increased investment in higher education and promoted the reform of higher education, significantly improving the scale, level and coverage of education.
With the further social reform enforced by the government, the future development and policy of higher education have important impacts on higher education itself and even the social construction. The research on how and how much higher education contributes the society can be used to scientifically evaluate the social contribution of higher education from diverse aspects and to optimize the limited higher educational resources. The mentioned research is promising to promote the higher education development. In addition, it can help enhance the capability of higher education in contributing the society and make the policy planning more focused.
Aiming to achieve this goal, based on the research with regard to social contribution of higher education, a scientific and reasonable evaluation model is proposed in this paper. It can be utilized as a comprehensive evaluation model for social contribution of higher education. To objectively investigate social contribution of higher education, we present a method to maximize the social contribution of higher education and propose a reference for the optimization of limited higher education resources. …