Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

The Effect of Physical Education Program on the Physical Fitness Levels of the Orientation Students of King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

The Effect of Physical Education Program on the Physical Fitness Levels of the Orientation Students of King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals

Article excerpt

Introduction

Physical Fitness has been the watch word of this millennium. Globally, people of late have been realizing its importance and one can find groups of people exercising daily in the morning and evenings. The habit of physical activity should be inculcated right from the childhood and it is the parents who have a great role to play in the child's health (Bouchard et al. 1990). Now a days parents are exerting tremendous pressure on their wards to excel in academics, which keeps the student tied down to the books and long hours spent before the television and computers are to be squarely blamed for low fitness levels (Kirk. 2005).Good health was defined as the absence of disease, but later the concept lias changed to wellness, which includes regular physical activity, proper nutrition, eliminating unhealthy behaviours and maintaining good emotional and spiritual health (Scott & Stephen. 2009). One of the key aspects for maintaining a healthy body is physical fitness which has a positive effect on the health by reducing the risk of disease and improving the Quality of life (Malina. 1996). Physical activity includes all physical movement, regardless of the level of energy expenditure or the reason you do it. Physical activity can be occupational, lifestyle or leisure time. Virtually all conditioning activities and sports are considered exercise because they are planned and help maintain or improve physical fitness. The main tiling that distinguishes exercise from other types of physical activity is that exercise is done specifically for health and fitness (Hardman.1998). The health benefits of regular physical exercise as stated by Armstrong (1996). 1. Improved Psychological well-being 2. Increased Longevity 3. Maintenance of working capacity during aging .4. Increased bone mass. 5. Reduced risk of Diabetes 6. Reduced risk of Heart Diseases.

It is recommended that teachers of physical education should translate the training principles into practice so that measurable training effect is enhanced. Studies have indicated that higher intensities with sufficient duration had resulted in greater adaptation. King Fahd university of Petroleum & Minerals is a unique university which has set trends with innovative programs both on the academic and physical education fronts. There is no other university in the Gulf region which makes physical education compulsory for all its students except KFUPM. The students have to participate in PE activity for half an hour twice a week and at the end of the program there is an assessment for giving grades to the students which carries credits. The main purpose of the study was to find out the effect of physical education program on the physical fitness levels of the orientation students of KFUPM.

Methodology

One thousand Two hundred Forty Four male subjects from King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals undergoing the orientation course were selected to participate in physical education program. Subjects were divided into four categories (underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese) based on their body mass index. The duration of the physical education program was for 30 minutes, twice per week. The disciplines covered in the orientation program were Football and Volleyball. All the subjects were tested prior to and after 8 weeks of physical education program. The test procedures administered were verbally explained and practically demonstrated. Quarries and doubts if any were answered. A questionnaire was circulated to elicit the information and details of the students' daily physical activity, the duration, intensity of the activity, and the game the particular individual practices and plays. The above questionnaire was standardized with a pilot study for its validity and reliability. The testers were trained to measure the physical activity in each class and the reliability and competence of the testers was arrived during the pilot studies. The variables measured during the study were age, height, body mass, body mass index, 50 meters run, 550 meters run, sit-ups, standing long jump, and sit & reach. …

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