Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Effect of Training Program on Physical Performance in Junior Male Malaysian Soccer Players

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Effect of Training Program on Physical Performance in Junior Male Malaysian Soccer Players

Article excerpt

Introduction

Soccer is a known sport that demands a high level of physical ability and skillful movements. The most important activities while playing soccer in a 90-minute duration involved predominantly running, explosive sprinting, jumping, kicking, and changing direction repeatedly (Krustrup et al., 2005; Stolen et al., 2005). These activities will definitely require good functioning of the neuromuscular systems(Cometti et al., 2001). Thus, it is such an important target that all players develop their highest functional capacity to enhance their linear sprinting, jumping, and agility (Hoare & Warr, 2000; Chamari et al., 2004).

Performance in soccer is dependent on the technical, tactical and physical skills (Hoff & Helgerud, 2004) that can be accomplished if the players have good components of flexibility, endurance, strength speed and agility. These categories are not completely distinct from each other, and physical interventions or training may improve performance in more than one component at the same time (Kraemer & Häkkinen, 2000). In adults. Sedaño et al. (2011) have reported the significant benefits of physical interventions in the soccer performance, particularly with respect to the effective training stimulus that improved explosive strength and kicking speed. The effectiveness of exercise-based physical programs for enhanced performance had been shown in both younger adolescent male (Arazi & Asadi, 2011) and female football players (Chimera et al., 2004). However, there is a lack of study that have focused on children (juvenile) and youth (MacKay et al., 2004). It was highlighted by Emery et al. (2005) that a suitable training program for children and youths need to be designed. This is such an important issue in view of the importance of the types and effects of training that may be suitable with the growing stage.

A few studies have examined the effects of training programs on performance in children and adolescents, especially among female soccer players between 9 and 18 years of age (Hanna, 2011; Vescovi & Heest, 2010; Steffen et al., 2008 and Grandstrand et al., 2006), youth male and female soccer players (DiStefano et al., 2010), and boys at the age of ten (Kliding et al., 2008). The studies by Kliding et al. (2008) and DiStefano et al. (2010) showed slight improvements of some aspects of the soccer specific performance after completion of training programs, while other studies (Hanna, 2011; Steffen et al., 2008 and Grandstand et al., 2006), did not show any improvement at all, while another study (Vescovi & Heest, 2010) showed a temporary improvement of sprint times for longer distances.

Young adolescent players may be involved in a different kind of training programs that may predispose them to danger or ineffective training method. They may be attracted to participate in a training program that is supposed to be suitable only for mature athletes without knowing whether the dosage of the training volume is suitable to their age. In order to overcome such problems, providing athletes with one integrated and coordinated training plan becomes the priority (Christian, 2011). With the increase in the number of young players being recruited in a soccer team as well as those enrolled in a soccer academy at a very young age, the important agenda is to provide them with a safe and effective training program without overtraining the young athletes.

One such predominant exercise-based, that may be suitable and exclusively for junior soccer players is a proper design of "warm-up training program". The training program comprises of eighteen physical exercises. The exercises included activities such as core stabilization, eccentric training for major muscles, proprioceptive training, dynamic stabilization and plyometrics. With this in mind, this study aimed to investigate the effect of a 12-week warm-up training program on a soccer-specific physical performance (explosive leg power, vertical leg power, agility, core stability and running speed) in junior male soccer players. …

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