Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

Focusing on Menacing Middle East Geopolitical Environments, Endangering Security and Stability of Western Balkan

Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

Focusing on Menacing Middle East Geopolitical Environments, Endangering Security and Stability of Western Balkan

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT. Simmering conflicts and instability always pose a challenge as well as threat to the neighbors who are relatively prosperous. In the article, I have argued, in relevance to the title, that brimming instability affords a very ripe platform for the transnational actors in Middle East (ME) to flourish and become challenge for the Western Balkan Region (WBR) by targeting it through organized crimes in the process of pushing forward their agenda of introducing instability to any stable or an emerging stable region. ME today stands as an intensely ripped off region by the conflicts and the impending conflicts where diplomacy appears to be flabbergasted about unyielding stance of the conflict parties and those besides, who have heavy stakes in the crucial arena. The approach to ME scenario is double tracked. One, that characterizes its geo-strategic domain where-in conflict(s) resolution is discussed and attempted if not consummated. The other is tactical that translates the immediate threats and challenges to neighboring regions and for Europe; WBR is crucial that constitutes its soft underbelly. It is the latter approach that has been dealt with here. European Union's (EU) role in Balkan is very encouraging but it has no option to go lax, assuming that WBR inherited a complex paradigm to untangle when the same powers or parts of the same powers of 19th and early 20th centuries are now shunning violence and conflicts as an execrable phenomenon and are extending olive branch instead. Historic wounds afflicting the societies take equally longer to heal but with the zeal and purposefulness EU has launched itself a miracle is about to crystallize.

Keywords: ME, WBR, organized crime, terrorism, drug, human trafficking, threat, EU

1. Introduction

Simmering geopolitical environments in Middle East (ME), characterized by violence and conflicts have posed a challenge as well threat to the security, peace and stability of Western Balkan Region (WBR). EU also woke up to its surprise when a wave of instability swept across ME and authoritarian governments, considered strong and stable thus far, fell like pack of cards (Arab Spring). "Middle East is the most important geography which can directly affect the EU's well-being in economic and security aspects. There-fore, the EU ought to redefine and reorganize itself in order to pursue a common policy towards the Middle East for its future."1 Weak governance if not absolute corruption, absence of rule of law and justice, nepotism and non adherence to the democratic processes were main collapse-syndromes that many see as possible recurring phenomenon in Western Balkan if these were let to pass by in ME without inferring clues to achieve peace and prosperity in WBR. The proposition, as a rider clause, would be examined in the context of overall EU's philosophy of affording entire Europe conducive geopolitical environments through an umbrella of peace and prosperity.

WBR, the periphery of Europe, some call it even periphery of the periphery is vital ground that Europe cannot remain oblivious about it. Though it poses no military threat of any significant magnitude, it has the potentials to become a conduit for the threats and challenges that emanate from the Middle East and Sahel-Sahara Region. In other words, not only the brilliant future of WBR, in the realm of peace and security would remain eclipsed because of transnational actors, it would also prevent Europe to achieve disconnect from turbulent past when Balkans were inclined to be gripped by the euphoria of fragmented supremacy, having roots in ethnoreligious and imperial incentives of the powers that contested for influence, even territorial expansions. The Balkans historical narrative is not pleasant, particularly for Europe as its reminiscences would only yield a kind of pessimism but if it stays at back of the minds while looking forward, the narrative can become a sort of force multiplier for EU and WBR to push their gigantic energies to crave for peace and stability which, not only is European dream but hugely becoming a global necessity. …

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