Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Evangelización Y Control Social a la Doctrina De Canta. Siglos XVI Y XVII

Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Evangelización Y Control Social a la Doctrina De Canta. Siglos XVI Y XVII

Article excerpt

León Fernández, Diño. Evangelización y control social a la doctrina de Canta. Siglos XVI y XVII. (Lima: Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. 2010. Pp. 304. Paperback.)

The Peruvian Province of Canta, northeast of Lima and bordering with the Andes, is less well known than its southern neighbor, Huarochiri, but both share in common a history of idolatry and its repression during the mid-colonial period. By electing Canta, Diño León Fernández expands our knowledge of how the Catholic Church, through its bishops and clergy, dealt with the conversion of the indigenous and, most important, with the deeply rooted local religions. The resilience of native beliefs in the Andean regions challenged Catholicism for centuries. The author deals methodically with wellknown historical issues, supporting his work with manuscript materials culled from the archives of the Archbishopric of Lima and the Archives of the Indies in Spain.

Although Peru's history includes an archbishop later elevated to sainthood (Toribio Alfonso de Mogrovejo, 1538-1606, canonized in 1726), the history of conversion in that country is characterized by its ineffectiveness among the native population. Lack of sufficient missionaries and the condescending attitude toward the indigenous by those in charge of their indoctrination did not help. The teaching of the Christian doctrine was maintained at a very low level. Sermons conditioned the Indians to obey, reinforcing a superficial ideology of domination. …

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