Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

The Poverty Alleviation Model of Local Government Inclusive Innovation: A Case Study on Contiguous Poor Regions in China

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

The Poverty Alleviation Model of Local Government Inclusive Innovation: A Case Study on Contiguous Poor Regions in China

Article excerpt

Abstract

Due to the natural, historical, ethnic, religious, political, social and other reasons, the destitute areas covering China's poor 70%, economic growth driven function is not strong, the conventional means of poverty alleviation work slowly, poverty alleviation and development cycle is longer, poverty is still serious. 14 destitute areas now determined have become the main battle field of poverty alleviation in China. Contiguous poor regions have experienced decades of development, the problems of survival, food and clothing of rural residents have been basically solved. The remarkable achievements have been gained in education, health care, public services, and environmental protection. But there are still several critical problems which hinder its development. This paper sums up these problems from micro, meso and macro aspects, and analyzes the reasons of them.

This paper builds a theoretical framework to analyze inclusive innovation of poverty alleviate for local government. Inclusive innovation as a new theory aims to get more performance for less cost for more people. Inclusive innovation is to promote economic development results to benefit the majority of society engines, is to promote sustainable economic development and effective way Inclusive innovation is to make all of the people, especially disadvantaged groups to participate in innovation activities, so that innovations spread to all of the people, to increase people's opportunities for innovation and creativity, and make everyone benefit from innovation activities. Through the expansion of productive employment, increase poverty-stricken areas of infrastructure and investment in education and human resource development and other means, people can balance sharing opportunities, enhance the ability to escape poverty and be rich.

Key words: Inclusive innovation; Poverty alleviation; Contiguous poor regions in China; Local government

INTRODUCTION

14 contiguous poor regions of China, the per-capita net income of farmers is RMB2,676 yuan, equivalent to only half of the national average. Ranked the lowest of 600 counties in China, there are 521 within the areas, accounting for 86.8%. Delineation of a number of destitute areas nationwide, concentrated force give priority support, is in favor of the new mechanism for deep exploration of regional development and poverty alleviation, efforts to solve major problems restricting the development, improve the effectiveness of poverty alleviation and development; is conducive to the promotion of the most difficult areas of economic and social development, the release of the potential of these areas, improvement the coordination of regional development; is propitious to old revolutionary base areas, ethnic minority areas, border areas, sharing the fruits of reform and development, promoting social harmony and stability; is helpful to arouse the enthusiasm of the protection of the ecological environment in these areas, to build a national ecological security barrier.

1. THE BASIC SITUATION OF THE CONTIGUOUS POOR REGIONS

Based on "China Rural Poverty Alleviation and Development Outline (2011-2020)", according to "contiguous concentrated, focus, the national coordination, zoning integrity" principle, correlated with poverty indicators as the fundamental basis with three years of 2007-2009 , such as per capita county GDP, per capita county general budgetary revenue, county per capita net income of farmers, considering increasing support requirements in the revolutionary areas, ethnic minority areas and frontier areas, 14 contiguous focus special difficult areas was divided in China, including 680 counties, as the main battlefield of poverty alleviation during the new phase.

1.1 The Basic Properties of Contiguous Poor Regions

14 contiguous poor regions are inter-provincial, these areas from a political point of view, mostly old revolutionary areas, ethnic minority areas, frontier areas; From the perspective of physical geography, including the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, desertification area, Loess Plateau and Southwest Rocky and other natural conditions especially with harsh; from the development stage, epitomized by weak infrastructure, social undertakings lags behind, the lack of public services, insufficiency of industrial development. …

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