Academic journal article Journal of Education and Learning

Education and Political Restructure in Nigeria

Academic journal article Journal of Education and Learning

Education and Political Restructure in Nigeria

Article excerpt


To say that education is a potent factor in any political restructuring is an undisputable fact. For a meaningful political development to take place in any nation, especially like Nigeria. The place of education is never in doubt to influence postively those in the position of authority to ascertain what are needed to put in place for effective administration and good governance. Education as a matter of fact in this sense is not just what one obtains in the institutions of learning, but it deals with all round development which makes one to contribute meaningfully to the development of himself, his family, his society and the entire nation. The national policy on education titled the philosophy of Nigeria Education made observations that since the national policy is geared towards achieving that part of its national objectives that can be achieved using educaiton as a tool, no policy on education can be formulated without first identifying the whole philosophy and objectives of the nation. It is on this note that this paper examines "Education and Political restructure" as the parameter not only for political and social stability in Nigeria but equally for national development.

Keywords: education, value, leadership, political scene and political restructure

1. Introduction

The Nigerian nation has had a chequered history in terms of political development since she attained political independence half a century ago. Expectations are high at this stage and age of her nationhood, Nigeria should not be a paper-tigger giant of Africa, but an economic, political, stable, dynamic and development-driven nation. Contrary to expectations, her experiences so far have been quite traumatic, excruciating and challenging; and riddled with coups detat and counter coups, a civil war, annulment of the freest and and fairest elections, social and economic strangulating policies and bad leadership, endemic corruption and grinding poverty, acute unemployment, religious intolerance, hostage taking, militancy and terrorist attacks on innocent citizens. The litany of the prevailing social malaise is interminable (Nwafor, 2011).

There is no doubt that Nigeria seem to have not been having it good since the end of the civil war of 1967-1970. The country has moved from one problem to the other given room to the fear that it may eventually crumble and cease to exist. Military politics in Nigeria began shortly after the end of the civil war. The excuse for military incursion into Nigeria's political arena was tied to General Yakubu Gowon's unwillingness to vacate the seat of government after his promise to return the nation to civil rule. Aboluwodi (2011) maintained that since the first putsch after the end of the civil war it has been a harvest of military administration. Thus the botched electoral process which would have ushered in a civil administration in 1993 was still an attempt to maintain military relevance in Nigeria political landscape. The confusions that followed the failed electoral process gave birth to a civilian administration in 1999, clearly dictated by the military whims.

Indeed, these political problems and many more have not only impacted negatively on Nigeria's developmental strides, but have also dented the image of Nigeria abroad. Hence, her citizens are subjected to thorough scrutining, humiliating and embarrasing experience outside the shores of Nigeria. For these reasons, there is the urgent need for a radical political change in all sphees of our national life. In fact, a need for political reconstruction is inevitable at this critical stage of Nigeria's development. The present educational system in Nigeria seems to be far cry when placed side by side with what is required to achieve viable political and economical stability. Hence, there is a need for the restructuring of the system to meet the current global drive for political sustainability. The only weapon for this assignment is functional Education. …

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