Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

Counselling Persons with Visual Impairment for Effective Career Choice: Implication for National Development

Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

Counselling Persons with Visual Impairment for Effective Career Choice: Implication for National Development

Article excerpt


This paper discussed the place of counselling for persons with visual impairment for effective career choice. This study is mainly significant in two respects: the place of counselling within the radius of Nigerian education has been downplayed as it is very possible to enrol in primary, secondary and tertiary education without formal counselling for once, and secondly, it draws attention to the counselling needs of persons with visual impairment on career choice which is indispensable because of their 'special' character. Career choice is an important issue in every man's life. For persons with visual impairment, making a career choice is not always easy, and making an effective choice requires the inputs of many professionals amongst whom are the guidance counsellors. One technique through which counselling achieves results is through career education. Critical as career education and counselling may be, both have received less significance attention which invariably impinge on the success of persons with visual impairment in making effective career choices. Many persons with visual impairment have lost out on their ambition for lack of proper counselling. For effective counselling on career choice, amongst the counsellor's strategy will be the need to seek and use the parents' knowledge in developing the counselling programmes or manuals, development and maintenance of effective communication between parents and the counsellors/professionals, and explanation of what is being recommended and why it is done. The paper concluded that in counselling persons with visual impairment on career choices, counsellors should among other things assess the strength of available resources, the interest of the visually impaired person, the intellectual capacity of the student, the excellent of the handicapping condition and the nature of the economy.

Keywords: counselling, visual, impairment, career, national, development.


Education is an indispensable medium of bringing about the development of citizens either normal or handicapped. The wealth, strength, social and economic wellbeing of a nation is direct consequence of its technological advancement and development of humanities (Umoru, 2005). Education is a pivot on which the nation's development rotates. It is the concern of government to provide education to all her citizens without discrimination on grounds of disability, gender, religion, tribe, socio- economic background or otherwise (Omede, 2009).

Educating persons with visual impairment is problematic. This is because an individual with visual impairment is confronted with a number of challenges ranging from participation in social activities, locomotion, and education to mention a few. It is more expensive to educate children with visual impairment than their sighted peers. This is as a result of high cost of equipment and materials used in educating them (Chukuka, 2009). The author explains further that the cost of braille machines, type writers, moving to and from the school, church, mosque and other places of importance is definitely higher for children with visual impairment than the sighted children, since they have need for a companion most of the time. Obani (2004) affirmed that a child with physical disability such as blindness may not be able to move around easily and may have to be carried for a longer time than a non-disabled child. Unlike sighted children who can easily learn so many things merely by observing and imitating, the child with visual impairment will need to be guided and supervised when learning so many concepts, thus requiring more time to be cared for. Research has shown that loss of vision is associated with difficulties in performing basic activities of daily living, functional and educational activities thereby reducing the welfare state of the individual. In accordance with this, special educators, guidance counsellor, psychologists and allied specialists should work in collaboration in ensuring the provision of equality education and counselling services for persons with visual impairment. …

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