Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

Assessment of Community Support Grant on Early Childhood Development Education Programme in Kenya: A Case of Eldoret East District, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya

Academic journal article Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies

Assessment of Community Support Grant on Early Childhood Development Education Programme in Kenya: A Case of Eldoret East District, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya

Article excerpt

Abstract

The study looked at the assessment of the Community Support Grant on Early Childhood Development Centers, in Eldoret East District of Uasin-Gishu County. The main objective of this study was to assess Community Support Grant (CSG) on Early Childhood Development Education (ECDE) in the study Centres. The study was based on a conceptual framework on the objectives of ECDE curriculum in Kenya and how CSG fund enhanced achievement of the holistic development. The study used a descriptive survey design. Combinations of qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques were used. The instruments used were questionnaire, structured interview and observation checklist. The research used purposive sampling in the selection of the population where 72 respondents from 24 Centres were selected for the research. The respondents were 2 ECDE teachers per school and a head teacher of each of the ECDE Centres selected. The data was coded and analyzed by use of measures of central tendency, that is, mean, mode and percentages. The analyzed data was presented in tabular and graphical form. The researcher found out that CSG has led to an increase in enrolment in ECDE Centres, teaching and learning materials were found to be adequate and this has enhanced learning although the funding was considered inadequate. There is therefore need to sensitize the community on CSG so that it's not mistaken with Free Primary Education (FPE). This will make parents to offer support and to demand accountability from the administration. There is also need for the Government to employ Early Childhood Development (ECD) teachers to motivate them and to ensure efficiency in their delivery. The study will be of Significance to the Ministry of Education and ECD development in Eldoret East District. It will help the management committee of the CSG at the Ministry of Education to consider the need of sourcing for more funds to improve on the teaching and learning Environment. It will help the Ministry of Education to get feedback on how the funds have been utilized, to streamline, and make better the running of CSG fund.

Keywords: community support grants, early childhood, education programmes, Kenya.

(ProQuest: ... denotes obscured text omitted.)

INTRODUCTION

The Community Support Grant (CSG) programme was started in September 2007. It aims at enhancing access, quality and equity to Early Childhood Development Education (ECDE) services for all children aged 4-5 years, especially the most vulnerable living in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs), urban slums and pockets of poverty. It is estimated that about 65% of children in Kenya, especially those from poor households do not access quality pre-school programme (Ngaruiya, 2008). This involves the identification of pockets of poverty within each district.

The Community Support Grant is calculated using a per pupil grant. The per pupil grant is to encourage ECDE Centres to increase their enrolment.

The grant is supposed to be used to improve the quality of teaching, learning materials and the learning environment in each ECDE centre. It is also used to augment ECD teachers' salaries.

Cost benefit analysis has demonstrated a cost saving ratio of one to six (McCain and Mustard 1999)-an economic return in America of $7.16 for each dollar invested in Early childhood programme (Schweinhart and Weikart,1988)-and supported the view that spending money on early childhood education was a better investment than paying for remediation later in life, such as treatment programmers and support services, for problems that are rooted in poor early development (McCain and Mustard 1999;122). The cost of an ECDE programme depends on the nature and extent of the services it offered.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

In Kenya, there is Free Primary education but not free ECDE education. Most parents are poor especially in rural areas. It is estimated that about 65% of children in Kenya, especially those from poor households do not access quality pre-school program. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.