Academic journal article Journal of Politics and Law

Reconsideration of the Huangpu Military Academy and the Huangpu Spirit

Academic journal article Journal of Politics and Law

Reconsideration of the Huangpu Military Academy and the Huangpu Spirit

Article excerpt

Abstract

Huangpu Military Academy is an outcome of cooperation between the two parties of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China and the spirit of Huangpu is an achievement of common cultivation of the two parties. In the new situation, a review of the establishment of Huangpu Military Academy and carrying forward the spirit of Huangpu is of important realistic significance to promote rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Keywords: Huangpu Military Academy, Huangpu spirit, rejuvenation of the Chinese nation

Huangpu Military Academy was established during the first Kuomintang-Communist cooperation period. At the times of the first revolutionary civil war, as Huangpu Military Academy was the first to break down the limitations between different parties and doctrines, to dedicate to common efforts by the two parties of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, to realize the struggling target of "overthrowing big powers, eliminating warlord" and unifying the great China, Liao Chung-k'ai wrote in his own handwriting and spoke highly of this military and political school initiated by the two parties of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, commending it as "blood of the revolutionary martyrs and flower of the doctrines." (Manuscript of the History of the Central Military Academy)

A review of the history of establishment of Huangpu Military Academy and the Huangpu spirit, without doubt, has realistic significance to promote solidarity of the compatriots on both sides of the Taiwan Straits and realize unification of the nation and the great dream of rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

1. The History Process of Building Huangpu Military Academy by the Two Parties of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China and Its Characteristics

Establishment of the Huangpu Military Academy contributed to the common efforts by the two parties of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China. Sun Yat-sen led anti-Qing revolutionary struggles for several times and launched a series of military activities. After the Republic of China was set up, he resorted to the Southern Warlord to oppose the Northern Warlords, but finally he failed to establish real revolutionary armed forces and he was defeated each time. Sun Yat-sen concluded in this way, "Our revolution only has struggling of the revolutionary party, and there is no struggling of the revolutionary army. As there is no struggling of the revolutionary army, generally, any common bureaucratic warlord may keep the Republic of China under control, so our revolution is not able to succeed totally." (Sun, p. 850) And he had made great efforts to search for organization of the revolutionary army.

The October Revolution brought new enlightenment and hope to Sun Yat-sen. The Huangpu Military Academy was set up under the circumstance that Sun Yat-sen yearned for achievement of "the October Revolution" followed the example of the Soviet Russia by taking the Soviet Union as a model, made cooperation between the Communist Party of China and the Kuomintang and set up the revolutionary army to save China in peril. Ma Lin, the representative of the Communist International, had an interview with Sun Yat-sen, which was exactly reflection of realization of the above thought.

The two parties of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party had made a lot of efforts in order to promote interview of Sun Yat-sen and Ma Lin in Guilin. According to Ma Lin (Yi, 1923), he had the opportunity to meet with Sun Yat-sen through introduction of the Kuomintang member Zhang Ji and with invitation from the Kuomintang. The Communist Party of China sent Zhang Tailei to make a special trip in the company of Ma Lin to go to Guilin and the Zhang Tailei served as the translator and guide. He also accompanied Ma Lin to meet with all classes of people in the Chinese society. All this provided important information and help for Ma Lin to put forward relative strategies for the first Kuomintang-Communist cooperation in the future. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.