Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Strengthen Students' Self-Awareness, Foster Their Creative Spirit: "Open-Type" Teaching Philosophy-Based Art Design Teaching Discussion and Practice

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Strengthen Students' Self-Awareness, Foster Their Creative Spirit: "Open-Type" Teaching Philosophy-Based Art Design Teaching Discussion and Practice

Article excerpt

Abstract

The first that education should endow the students is the active participation as main part if it wants to change students and foster their creative spirit indeed. For this perspective, it is shown that the key of creative education or the immediate mission of teaching is to create subjects and activities suitable for students to participate and explore independently, and to provide students with the necessary method, conditions and environment for fostering creative spirit. In this paper, we, in combination with our own teaching practice, propose an open-type teaching mode, attempt to break restraints set up by traditional art design teaching mode, and explore a path of teaching in favor of fostering students' creative spirit and practical ability, as well as being beneficial to induce students' interests, and build their curiosity, imagination and creativity, thus to find an effective path of practically implementing goal of innovation education in design.

Key words: Creative spirit; Open type; Art design; Teaching method

Innovation is the soul of art design, focusing on the fostering of students' creative spirit and practical ability, and is the emphasis of current art design education reform. In recent years, the design education and teaching reform has witnessed a rapid development in China, but there are still problems urgently to be solved under the restraints of traditional education philosophy and mode, for instance, attaching more importance to theory instead of practice; attaching more importance to knowledge lecturing instead of active exploration, etc.. Such traditional teachercentered teaching mode ignores students' individuality, as well as the participation and active exploration of students as main part in teaching, and lacks flexibility in teaching, resulting in "shrinking" of students' thought, and making them short of consciousness of innovation and ability of exploratory learning, unfavorably adaptative to demands of the society on art design talents.

The thinking way and learning habit of each student depend on their personal life experience and individuality of thinking quality, and each student's learning habit and learning approach vary from those of others, as well as with multifarious individuality. The open-type teaching mode is the very one of considering students' individuality and relying on the nature and characteristics owned by the art design discipline, by means of necessary transformation to disadvantages existing in current classroom teaching, in order to explore an effective path in favor of fostering students' creative spirit and practical ability, building teaching environment beneficial to inspire students' interests, as well as evoking their curiosity, imagination and creativity, and practically implementing the goal of innovation education in design.

The first that education should endow the students is the active participation as main part if it wants to change students and foster their creative spirit indeed. For this perspective, it is shown that the key of creative education or the immediate mission of teaching is to create subjects and activities suitable for students to participate and explore independently, and to provide students with the necessary method, conditions and environment for fostering creative spirit. Therefore, the fundamental objective of open-type teaching is to make the teaching process really based on consideration of students' individuality and their independent exploration and learning by means of transforming the current classroom teaching mode characterized by teacher's lecturing and student's listening, so as to promote the overall development of students' consciousness of main part, creative spirit, practical ability and various qualities.

1. CONNOTATION OF OPEN-TYPE TEACHING

The open-type teaching is a dynamic and open teaching mode aiming at fostering creative spirit and practical ability by taking consideration of students' individuality and self-consciousness as the premise; basing on equal, comfortable, lively and open classroom atmosphere; requiring students to actively participate and to proactively explore and practice, as well as centering on learners; and having various evaluation systems (such as the system of self-exploration, self-solution and self-evaluation, and the students-and-teacher evaluation of learning-and-teaching (STELT)) as guarantee. …

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